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Enzyme Stability of Microencapsulated Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis Bb12 after Freeze Drying and during Storage in Low Water Activity at Room Temperature

Dianawati, Dianawati and Shah, Nagendra P (2011) Enzyme Stability of Microencapsulated Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis Bb12 after Freeze Drying and during Storage in Low Water Activity at Room Temperature. Journal of Food Science, 76 (6). M463-M471. ISSN 0022-1147

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Abstract

Stability of enzymes such as β-galactosidase (β-gal), β-glucosidase (β-glu), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), pyruvate kinase (PK), hexokinase (HK), and ATPase of microencapsulated Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis Bb12 after freeze-drying and after 10 wk of storage at low water activity (aw) at room temperature was studied. Bacteria were microencapsulated using alginate formulation with or without mannitol fortification (sodium alginate and mannitol [SAM] and sodium alginate [SA], respectively) by creating gel beads followed by freeze drying. Two types of dried gel beads were then stored at low aw, such as 0.07, 0.1, and 0.2; storage in an aluminum foil was used as control. All storage was carried out at room temperature of 25 ◦C for 10 wk. Measurement of β-gal, β-glu, LDH, PK, HK, and ATPase (with or without exposure to pH 2.0 for 2 h) activities was carried out before freeze drying, after freeze drying, and after 10 wk of storage. There was a significant decrease in almost all enzyme activities, except that of PK. SAM and SA showed no different effect on maintaining enzyme activities during freeze drying. Storage for 10 wk at room temperature at various low aw using SAM and SA system had a significant effect on retention of most enzymes studied, except that of PK and LDH. Storage at aw of 0.07 and 0.1 was more effective in maintaining enzyme activities than storage at aw of 0.2 and in an aluminum foil. However, mannitol fortification into alginate system did not significantly improve retention of enzymes during 10 wk of storage.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID24942, long-term storage, low aw, mannitol, sodium alginate-based system, stability of enzymes activities
Subjects: Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Biomedical and Health Sciences
FOR Classification > 1101 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2012 23:12
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2014 00:13
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/10405
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2011.02246.x
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Citations in Scopus: 18 - View on Scopus

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