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Perceived uncertainty of outcome as a contributing factor in competitive state anxiety

Marchant, Daryl and Andersen, Mark B and Morris, Tony (1997) Perceived uncertainty of outcome as a contributing factor in competitive state anxiety. Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport , 29 (2). pp. 41-46. ISSN 0813-6289

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Abstract

The Martens, Vealey, and Burton (1990) model of competitive anxiety contains perceived uncertainty, perceived importance, and competitive trait anxiety (A-trait) as key determinants affecting a person's perception of threat and competitive state anxiety (A-state). This experiment tested perceived uncertainty of outcome and A-trait influences on A-state. Club level golfers (N = 72) were assigned to either a low uncertainty condition (LU) or a high uncertainty (HU) condition. In this experiment participants were matched and competed for 12 golf balls in a modified chipping competition. Participants also completed the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory -2 and the Match Orientation Questionnaire (a measure of perceived uncertainty) prior to, and during breaks in the competition. Players alternated in taking four rounds of eight shots from a zone marked approximately 30 metres from the hole. A series of tests did not support the manipulation of uncertainty. This was probably due to likely losers and likely winners not experiencing similar levels of A-state, as Martens et al. assume. Recoding the uncertainty data to reflect levels of confidence, and entering confidence and A-trait into multiple regression equations resulted in these two variables accounting for between 15% and 23% of the A-state variance at different stages of the competition. Recommendations for future research, and possible revisions of the model in light of the present findings are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: anxiety, perception
Subjects: RFCD Classification > 320000 Medical and Health Sciences
FOR Classification > 1701 Psychology
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre for Ageing, Rehabilitation, Exercise & Sport Science (CARES)
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Depositing User: Ms Phung T Tran
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2012 01:45
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2015 05:18
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/1183
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Citations in Scopus: 3 - View on Scopus

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