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Self-consciousness and trait anxiety as predictors of choking in sport

Wang, Jin and Marchant, Daryl and Morris, Tony and Gibbs, Petah (2004) Self-consciousness and trait anxiety as predictors of choking in sport. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 7 (2). pp. 174-185. ISSN 1440-2440

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Abstract

The present study was designed to examine dispositional self- consciousness and trait anxiety as predictors of choking in sport. Sixty-six basketball players completed the Self-Consciousness Scale and the Sport Anxiety Scale prior to completing 20 free throws in low- pressure and high-pressure conditions. A manipulation check showed that participants experienced significantly higher levels of state anxiety in the high-pressure condition. A series of hierarchical multiple regression analyses supported the hypothesis that self-conscious athletes were more susceptible to choking under pressure. The best predictors of choking were private self-consciousness and somatic trait anxiety that together accounted for 35% of the explained variance. We discuss a number of possible explanations regarding the discrepancy between the present results and previous studies mainly relating to task characteristics, skill level of participants and manipulations of pressure.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: anxiety psychology, consciousness, self concept, sports psychology, task performance and analysis, adult, basketball psychology, comparative study, humans, regression analysis, risk assessment methods, risk factors
Subjects: RFCD Classification > 320000 Medical and Health Sciences
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre for Ageing, Rehabilitation, Exercise & Sport Science (CARES)
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Depositing User: Ms Phung T Tran
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2008 22:41
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2011 03:22
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/1203
DOI: 10.1016/S1440-2440(04)80007-0
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Citations in Scopus: 25 - View on Scopus

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