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Reduced exercise tolerance in CHF may be related to factors other than impaired skeletal muscle oxidative capacity

Williams, Andrew D and Selig, Steve E and Hare, David L and Hayes, Alan and Krum, Henry and Patterson, Jeremy and Geerling, Ralph H and Toia, Deidre and Carey, Michael F (2004) Reduced exercise tolerance in CHF may be related to factors other than impaired skeletal muscle oxidative capacity. Journal of Cardiac Failure, 10 (2). pp. 141-148. ISSN 1071-9164

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Abstract

We sought to determine whether skeletal muscle oxidative capacity, fiber type proportions and fiber size, capillary density or muscle mass might explain the impaired exercise tolerance in chronic heart failure (CHF). Previous studies are equivocal regarding the maladaptations that occur in the skeletal muscle of patients with CHF and their role in the observed exercise intolerance. Total body O2 uptake (peak) was determined in 14 CHF patients and 8 healthy sedentary similarly-aged controls. Muscle samples were analysed for mitochondrial ATP production rate (MAPR), oxidative and glycolytic enzyme activity, fiber size and type, and capillary density. CHF patients demonstrated a lower peak (15.1 ± 1.1 vs. 28.1 ± 2.3 ml.kg&VO2&VO2-1.min-1, p<0.001) and capillary to fiber ratio (1.09 ± 0.05 vs. 1.40 ± 0.04; p<0.001) when compared to controls. However there was no difference in capillary density (capillaries per μm2) across any of the fiber types. Measurements of MAPR and oxidative enzyme activity indicated no difference in muscle oxidative capacity between the groups. We find that neither reduced muscle oxidative capacity nor capillary density are the cause of exercise limitation in CHF patients, so that the low VO2 peak observed in CHF patients is the result of muscle fiber atrophy and possibly impaired activation of oxidative phosphorylation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: exercise capacity, skeletal muscle
Subjects: RFCD Classification > 320000 Medical and Health Sciences
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Biomedical and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Marcia Millard
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2008 03:36
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2014 22:34
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/1405
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Citations in Scopus: 29 - View on Scopus

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