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Neurocognitive perspectives in language outcomes of Early Head Start: Language and cognitive stimulation and maternal depression

Chapin, Laurie A and Altenhofen, Shannon (2010) Neurocognitive perspectives in language outcomes of Early Head Start: Language and cognitive stimulation and maternal depression. Infant Mental Health Journal, 31 (5). pp. 486-498. ISSN 0163-9641

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Abstract

A neurocognitive, developmental framework was used to examine the effectiveness of Early Head Start (EHS) programs. Evidence has shown that caregiver variables impact early brain development. The study aimed to better understand this relation. Results showed that the EHS program made no significant impact, and at 3 years old, children were significantly behind population norms in language development, partially replicating previous findings with children from poverty backgrounds. EHS and parental depression were significant predictors of language and cognitive stimulation; however, depression and stimulation, but not involvement in EHS, were significant predictors of vocabulary. Implications for EHS programs are discussed, such as addressing caregiver variables (e.g., depression) and increasing focus on services to expectant families. Future direction also are discussed, such as understanding how young children's stress, within the context of caregiver variables, is related to neurocognitive outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID21951 & ResPubID22514. cognitive development, child development, early head start programs, EHS programs, neurocognitive development
Subjects: RFCD Classification > 220000 Social Sciences, Humanities and Arts-General
FOR Classification > 1701 Psychology
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Social Sciences and Psychology
SEO Classification > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Depositing User: Dr Laurie A Chapin
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2011 01:02
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2012 02:45
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/17488
DOI: 10.1002/imhj.20268
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Citations in Scopus: 2 - View on Scopus

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