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Adipose Tissue-specific Inhibition of Hypoxia-inducible Factor 1α Induces Obesity and Glucose Intolerance by Impeding Energy Expenditure in Mice

Zhang, Xinmei and Lam, Karen S. L and Ye, Hongying and Chung, Sookja and Zhou, Mingyan and Wang, Yu and Xu, Aimin (2010) Adipose Tissue-specific Inhibition of Hypoxia-inducible Factor 1α Induces Obesity and Glucose Intolerance by Impeding Energy Expenditure in Mice. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 285 (43). pp. 32869-32877. ISSN 0021-9258

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Abstract

Hypoxia in adipose tissue has been postulated as a possible contributor to obesity-related chronic inflammation, insulin resistance, and metabolic dysfunction. HIF1α (hypoxia-inducible factor 1α), a master signal mediator of hypoxia response, is elevated in obese adipose tissue. However, the role of HIF1α in obesity-related pathologies remains to be determined. Here we show that transgenic mice with adipose tissue-selective expression of a dominant negative version of HIF1α developed more severe obesity and were more susceptible to high fat diet-induced glucose intolerance and insulin resistance compared with their wild type littermates. Obesity in the transgenic mice was attributed to impaired energy expenditure and reduced thermogenesis. Histological examination of interscapular brown adipose tissue (BAT) in the transgenic mice demonstrated a markedly increased size of lipid droplets and decreased mitochondrial density in adipocytes, a phenotype similar to that in white adipose tissue. These changes in BAT of the transgenic mice were accompanied by decreased mitochondrial biogenesis and reduced expression of key thermogenic genes. In the transgenic mice, angiogenesis in BAT was decreased but was little affected in white adipose tissue. These findings support an indispensable role of HIF1α in maintaining the thermogenic functions of BAT, possibly through promoting angiogenesis and mitochondrial biogenesis in this tissue

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID25348, hypoxia, insulin resistance, metabolic diseases, mitochondria, obesity, adipose tissues biology, brown adipose tissues, energy expenditure and obesity, thermogenesis, alpha
Subjects: FOR Classification > 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology
FOR Classification > 1101 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2013 01:22
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2014 06:49
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/21484
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M110.135509
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Citations in Scopus: 29 - View on Scopus

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