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A snapshot of chronic obstructive airways disease in Australian emergency departments

Kerr, Debra and Kelly, Anne-Maree (2005) A snapshot of chronic obstructive airways disease in Australian emergency departments. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine, 12 (2). pp. 84-90. ISSN 1024-9079

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Abstract

Objectives: To characterise emergency department (ED) attendances for chronic obstructive airways disease (COAD) by patient demographics and severity, to determine treatment and disposition of patients and to determine use of diagnostic tests and treatment provided to different severity groups. A secondary aim was to compare treatment given to established treatment guidelines. Methods: Prospective, observational cohort study of patients who presented to nine Australian ED with a primary diagnosis of acute exacerbation of COAD in October 2002. Information collected included demographics, duration of symptoms, comorbidities, assessment findings, severity, treatment, disposition, tests, in-hospital mortality and length of stay. Results: A total of 137 patients were studied. Two-thirds (65%) of the group were male, and most (90%) were aged greater than 60 years. COAD severity was mild in 11%, moderate in 30% and severe in 59%, and 23% were receiving home oxygen therapy. As anticipated, patients with severe COAD were more likely to be admitted to hospital (mild: moderate: severe = 13%: 68%: 99%; p<0.0001) and to require ventilatory support (0%: 0%: 23%; p<0.002). There was under-utilisation of corticosteroids and antibiotics in the moderate and severe groups, and only 35% of the group had received influenza vaccination within the past year. Conclusion: This study showed that adherence to best practice guidelines with respect to the use of corticosteroids and antibiotics for patients who presented to the ED with COAD was sub-optimal, as was the prevalence of prior influenza vaccination. Other aspects of treatment and investigation were consistent with available evidence. Efforts to address these deficiencies should be developed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: chronic obstructive airways disease, COAD, hospital emergency service, corticosteroids, antibiotics, chronic lung disease, Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease, GOLD, emergency department, ED, arterial blood gas, ABG, ventilatory support
Subjects: Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Biomedical and Health Sciences
FOR Classification > 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
FOR Classification > 1103 Clinical Sciences
Depositing User: Yimin Zeng
Date Deposited: 02 May 2013 01:46
Last Modified: 02 May 2013 01:46
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/21533
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Citations in Scopus: 0 - View on Scopus

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