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Interplay between components of a novel LIM kinase–slingshot phosphatase complex regulates cofilin

Soosairajah, Juliana and Maiti, Sankar and Wiggan, O'Neil and Sarmiere, Patrick and Moussi, Nathalie and Sarcevic, Boris and Sampath, Rashmi and Bamburg, James R (2005) Interplay between components of a novel LIM kinase–slingshot phosphatase complex regulates cofilin. EMBO Journal, 24. pp. 473-486. ISSN 0261-4189 (print) 1460-2075 (online)

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Abstract

Slingshot (SSH) phosphatases and LIM kinases (LIMK) regulate actin dynamics via a reversible phosphorylation (inactivation) of serine 3 in actin-depolymerizing factor (ADF) and cofilin. Here we demonstrate that a multi-protein complex consisting of SSH-1L, LIMK1, actin, and the scaffolding protein, 14-3-3, is involved, along with the kinase, PAK4, in the regulation of ADF/cofilin activity. Endogenous LIMK1 and SSH-1L interact in vitro and co-localize in vivo, and this interaction results in dephosphorylation and downregulation of LIMK1 activity. We also show that the phosphatase activity of purified SSH-1L is F-actin dependent and is negatively regulated via phosphorylation by PAK4. 14-3-3 binds to phosphorylated slingshot, decreases the amount of slingshot that co-sediments with F-actin, but does not alter slingshot activity. Here we define a novel ADF/cofilin phosphoregulatory complex and suggest a new mechanism for the regulation of ADF/cofilin activity in mediating changes to the actin cytoskeleton.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ADF/cofilin, LIMK1, PAK4, slingshot
Subjects: FOR Classification > 0304 Medicinal and Bimolecular Chemistry
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > College of Health and Biomedicine
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2013 00:06
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2013 00:06
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/22432
DOI: 10.1038/sj.emboj.7600543
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Citations in Scopus: 151 - View on Scopus

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