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Identification of physically demanding tasks performed during bushfire suppression by Australian ruralfirefighters

Phillips, Matthew and Payne, Warren and Lord, Cara and Netto, Kevin and Nichols, David and Aisbett, Brad (2012) Identification of physically demanding tasks performed during bushfire suppression by Australian ruralfirefighters. Applied Ergonomics, 43 (2). pp. 435-441. ISSN 0003-6870

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Abstract

Purpose To identify and characterize the physically demanding tasks undertaken during multi-day wildfire (known as bushfire in Australia) suppression by Australian rural firefighters. Methods During semi-structured group interviews, thirty-one experienced male firefighters reviewed 53 firefighting tasks that could be performed during tanker-based bushfire suppression. Participants were asked to nominate the most physically demanding tasks and then define their typical frequencies, durations, operational importance and the dominant actions and activity types in each task. Results Seven tasks were identified as physically demanding. They were further categorized into three hose and four handtool (e.g., rakehoe) related activities. These tasks were assessed as moderately important to critical and were thought to occur less than one up to 700 times in a four-month bushfire ‘season’. Each task’s duration was estimated to last approximately 2–30 min depending on the task. Dominant actions were carry, drag, dig/rake actions in seven, three and four of the demanding tasks, respectively. ‘Strength-endurance’ was the dominant activity type for five of the seven tasks. Conclusion Seven fireground tasks, three using a hose and four using handtools were classified as physically demanding by incumbent firefighters. The combination of hose and handtool work indicates that the tanker-based bushfire suppression tactics used by Australian rural firefighters appears to be a hybrid of structural and wildfire firefighting techniques and may require a dedicated physiological analyses before the job demands for these firefighters can be quantified.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID25942, firefighting, job task analysis, task demands, occupational physiology
Subjects: FOR Classification > 0502 Environmental Science and Management
FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
Depositing User: Ms Phung.T Tran
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2014 01:59
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2014 04:28
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/22738
DOI: 10.1016/j.apergo.2011.06.018
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