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Seasonal Changes in Physical Performance and Heart Rate Variability in High Level Futsal Players

Oliveira, R. S and Leicht, A. S and Bishop, David and Barbero-Álvarez, J. C and Nakamura, F. Y (2012) Seasonal Changes in Physical Performance and Heart Rate Variability in High Level Futsal Players. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 35 (4). pp. 424-430. ISSN 0172-4622 (print) 1439-3964 (online)

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the changes in physical performance and resting heart rate variability (HRV) in professional futsal players during the pre-season and in-season training periods. 11 athletes took part in the study (age=24.3±2.9 years; height=176.3±5.2 cm; weight=76.1±6.3 kg), and performed a repeated-sprint ability (RSA) test [6×40 m (20+20 m with a 180° change of direction) sprints separated by 20 s of passive recovery] and Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1 (Yo-Yo IR1) at 3 different moments (M1=beginning of pre-season; M2=end of pre-season; M3=mid in-season). The HRV indices were assessed at the same moments. After the short pre-season (3-week), mean RSA time (RSAmean) (M1=7.43±0.2 s; M2=7.24±0.2 s; P=0.003), decrement in RSA performance (RSAdecrement) (M1=6.7±0.3%; M2=5.0±0.9%; P=0.001), and Yo-Yo IR1 distance (M1=1.244±298 m; M2=1.491±396 m; P=0.002) were significantly improved (P<0.05). During the in-season (i. e., M3), performance in Yo-Yo IR1 and RSAmean were maintained. In contrast, RSAbest (M2=6.89±0.2 to M3=6.69±0.3; P=0.001) was improved and RSAdecrement (M2=5.0±0.9% to M3=6.6±0.9%; P=0.001) was impaired. At M2, there was an increase in HRV vagal-related indices compared with M1 that was maintained at M3. In conclusion, after a short pre-season, futsal players improved their RSA and Yo-Yo IR1 performance with concomitant improvements in HRV. These indices were maintained during the in-season period while RSAbest was improved and RSAdecrement impaired. Frequent monitoring of these performances and HRV indices may assist with identification of individual training adaptations and/or early signs of maladaption.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID25845, indoor soccer, cardiac autonomic control, intermittent fitness testing
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Depositing User: Yimin Zeng
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2014 01:15
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2014 06:27
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/23139
DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1323720
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Citations in Scopus: 1 - View on Scopus

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