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Simvastatin Reduces Endothelial NOS: Caveolin-1 Ratio but not the Phosphorylation Status of eNOS In Vivo

Arora, Rajneet, Hare, David L and Zulli, Anthony (2012) Simvastatin Reduces Endothelial NOS: Caveolin-1 Ratio but not the Phosphorylation Status of eNOS In Vivo. Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis, 19 (8). pp. 705-711. ISSN 1340-3478 (print) 1880-3873 (online)

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Abstract

In vivo evidence for the pleiotropic effects of simvastatin on the nitric oxide synthase system is limited. Aims: To determine if simvastatin can affect the endothelial nitric oxide synthase cascade. Methods: New Zealand white rabbits (n=15) were divided: Group 1 (control) was fed a normal rabbit diet; Group 2 (MC) received a normal rabbit diet with 1% methionine (M) plus 0.5% cholesterol (C) and 5% peanut oil (atherogenic diet); Group 3 received the same diet as the MC group plus 5 mg/kg/ day simvastatin (S) orally (MCS). After 4 weeks, the abdominal aorta was collected and analyzed. Results: Total cholesterol (TC) and total homocysteine (tHcy) were not significantly different between MCS and MC. Endothelial function was only reduced in MC (p<0.05). Although eNOS significantly increased in MC and MCS (p<0.01), simvastatin treatment significantly reduced endothelial caveolin-1 by 35% (p=0.038), causing a 2.5-fold (p=0.026) increase in the eNOS: caveolin-1 ratio. The phosphorylation of eNOS at the threonine 495 site or serine 1177 site was not affected by diet or treatment; however, a positive correlation between the two phosphorylation sites was observed (r2= 0.5, p=0.01). Conclusion: in vivo pleiotropic effects of statin therapy include decreasing endothelial caveolin-1. Other therapies designed to affect eNOS phosphorylation in vivo might be useful in further preventing CVD.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID25672, simvastatin, Thr-eNOS, Ser-eNOS, caveolin-1
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > College of Health and Biomedicine
Depositing User: Yimin Zeng
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2014 00:03
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2014 02:47
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/23289
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5551/jat.12401
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Citations in Scopus: 10 - View on Scopus

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