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The Relationship Between Short- and Long-Distance Swimming Performance and Repeated Sprint Ability

Meckel, Yoav and Bishop, David and Rabinovich, Moran and Kaufman, Leonid and Nemet, Dan and Eliakim, Alon (2012) The Relationship Between Short- and Long-Distance Swimming Performance and Repeated Sprint Ability. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26 (12). pp. 3426-3431. ISSN 1064-8011 (print) 1533-4287 (online)

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Abstract

Meckel, Y, Bishop, DJ, Rabinovich, M, Kaufman, L, Nemet, D, and Eliakim, A. The relationship between short- and long-distance swimming performance and repeated sprint ability. J Strength Cond Res 26(12): 3426–3431, 2012—The purpose of this study was to determine indices of repeated sprint ability (RSA) during a repeated sprint swimming test (RST), to compare these with previous similar running and cycling RST, and to correlate these indices with the best short (100 m, as an index of anaerobic performance) and long (2,000 m, as an index of aerobic performance) distance swimming times in 20 elite, national team level, male swimmers. Indices of RSA included the ideal sprint time (IS), the total sprint time (TS), and the performance decrement (PD) recorded during an 8 × 15-m swimming RST. The PD during the present swimming RST (4.7 ± 2.3%) was similar to that in previous running or cycling RSTs. However, the physiological responses after the swimming RST (heart rate 168 ± 7 b·min−1 and blood lactate concentration 5.5 ± 2.0 mmol·L−1) were lower than typical responses after running or cycling RSTs. There was no significant relationship between any of the RST performance indices and either the 100-m or 2,000-m swimming results. Multiple regression analysis indicated that the 3 RST indices (IS, TS, and PD), contributed 36% of the variance of the 2,000-m, but not the 100-m, swimming time. A strong correlation was found between the 100- and 2,000-m swim times (r = 0.74, p < 0.05). The results suggest that RSA in swimmers is a specific quality that cannot predict short- or long-distance swim performance. The significantly strong relationship between the 100- and 2,000-m swim times is unique for swimming.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID25610, speed endurance, recovery, fatigue, intermittent activity
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Depositing User: Yimin Zeng
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2014 01:18
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2014 05:23
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/23348
DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182473df3
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