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Effects of Dietary L-Arginine Intake on Cardiorespiratory and Metabolic Adaptation in Athletes

Bescos, Raul, Gonzalez-Haro, Carlos, Pujol, Pere, Drobnic, Franchek, Alonso, Eulalia, Santolaria, Maria Luisa, Ruiz, Olga, Esteve, Marc and Galilea, Pedro A (2009) Effects of Dietary L-Arginine Intake on Cardiorespiratory and Metabolic Adaptation in Athletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 19 (4). pp. 355-365. ISSN 1526-484X (print) 1543-2742 (online)

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Abstract

To assess the effect of diet enrichment with L-arginine or supplementation at high doses on physiological adaptation during exercise, 9 athletes followed 3 different diets, each over 3 consecutive days, with a wash-out period of 4 d between training sessions: control diet (CD), 5.5 ± 0.3 g/d of L-arginine; Diet 1 (rich in L-arginine food), 9.0 ± 1.1 g/d of L-arginine; and Diet 2 (the same as CD but including an oral supplement of 15 g/d), 20.5 ± 0.3 g/d of L-arginine. Plasma nitrate levels of each participant were determined on the day after each treatment. Participants performed a submaximal treadmill test (initial speed 10–11 km/hr, work increments 1 km/hr every 4 min until 85–90% VO2max, and passive recovery periods of 2 min). Oxygen uptake and heart rate were monitored throughout the test. Blood lactate concentration ([La–]b) was determined at the end of each stage. Repeated-measures ANOVA and paired Student’s t tests were used to compare the various physiological parameters between diets. The level of significance was set at p < .05. [La–]bshowed a significant effect at the 5-min time point between CD and Diet 2 (CD 3.0 ± 0.5 mM, Diet 2 2.5 ± 0.5 mM, p = .03), but this tendency was not found at higher exercise intensities. No significant differences were observed in any of the cardiorespiratory or plasma nitrate levels. In conclusion, dietary L-arginine intake on the days preceding the test does not improve physiological parameters during exercise.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: athletes, dietary supplements, L-arginine, physiological, Franchec
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
FOR Classification > 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2014 23:18
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2015 23:04
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/24200
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Citations in Scopus: 25 - View on Scopus

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