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Comparison of oxygen uptake kinetics during concentric and eccentric cycle exercise

Perrey, S, Betik, Andrew C, Candau, R, Rouillon, Jean Denis and Hughson, Richard L (2001) Comparison of oxygen uptake kinetics during concentric and eccentric cycle exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 91 (5). pp. 2135-2142. ISSN 8750-7587 (print) 1522-1601 (online)

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O2 uptake (V˙o 2) kinetics and electromyographic (EMG) activity from the vastus medialis, rectus femoris, biceps femoris, and medial gastrocnemius muscles were studied during constant-load concentric and eccentric cycling. Six healthy men performed transitions from baseline to high-intensity eccentric (HE) exercise and to high-intensity (HC), moderate-intensity (MC), and low-intensity (LC) concentric exercise. For HE and HC exercise, absolute work rate was equivalent. For HE and LC exercise,V˙o 2 was equivalent.V˙o 2 data were fit by a two- or three-component exponential model. Surface EMG was recorded during the last 12 s of each minute of exercise to obtain integrated EMG and mean power frequency. Only in the HC exercise didV˙o 2 increase progressively with evidence of a slow component (phase 3), and only in HC exercise was there evidence of a coincident increase with time in integrated EMG of the vastus medialis and rectus femoris muscles (P < 0.05) with no change in mean power frequency. The phase 2time constant was slower in HC [24.0 ± 1.7 (SE) s] than in HE (14.7 ± 2.8 s) and LC (16.7 ± 2.2 s) exercise, while it was not different from MC exercise (20.6 ± 2.1 s). These results show that the rate of increase inV˙o 2 at the onset of exercise was not different between HE and LC exercise, where the metabolic demand was similar, but both had significantly faster kinetics forV˙o 2 than HC exercise. TheV˙o 2 slow component might be related to increased muscle activation, which is a function of metabolic demand and not absolute work rate.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cycling, cyclists, muscle action, muscle fatigue, surface electromyography
Subjects: Current > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Current > Division/Research > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2014 05:59
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2014 06:13
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Citations in Scopus: 111 - View on Scopus

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