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A model for the Statistical Distribution of Road Vehicle Vibrations

Garcia-Romeu-Martinez, Manuel-Alfredo, Rouillard, Vincent and Cloquell-Ballester, V. A (2007) A model for the Statistical Distribution of Road Vehicle Vibrations. In: Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2007: WCE 2007: 2-4 July, 2007, Imperial College London, London, U.K. Ao, S. I, Gelman, Leonid, Hukins, David W. L, Hunter, Andrew and Korsunsky, A. M, eds. Newswood Limited, Hong Kong, pp. 1225-1293.

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Abstract

This paper presents the initial results of a study aimed at improving the method by which the vibrations produced by transport vehicles are characterised and simulated. More specifically, this paper focuses on the rigid body vibrations generated by road transport vehicles in the context of distribution of packaged goods and produce. The research uses a variety of vibration data, collected from various vehicle types and routes in Spain and Australia with high-capacity vibration recorders. Vehicles used range from small transport vehicles to large truck-trailers with both airbags and steel spring suspensions while the routes travelled include suburban streets, main roads and motorways. The paper discusses the significance and limitations of the average power spectral density (PSD) and explains why the average PSD is not always adequate as the sole descriptor of road vehicle vibrations as the process generally tends to be non-stationary and non-Gaussian. The paper adopts an alternative analysis method, based on the statistical distribution of the moving root-mean-square (RMS) vibrations, as a supplementary indicator of overall ride quality. The measured data was used to compute the statistical distribution of each vibration record, the shape of which was compared for the entire set of records. The suitability of various mathematical models, based on the Weibull and Rayleigh distributions were investigated for describing the probability distribution function (PDF) of road vehicle vibration RMS time history. The paper proposes a single mathematical model that can accurately describe the statistical character of the random vibrations generated by road vehicles in general. It shows that the model can also effectively describe the statistical parameters of the process namely the mean, median, standard deviation, skewness and kurtosis.

Item Type: Book Section
ISBN: 9789889867126
Uncontrolled Keywords: engineering, random vibrations, RMS distribution, Weibull distribution
Subjects: FOR Classification > 0913 Mechanical Engineering
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Engineering and Science
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2014 00:34
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2015 02:48
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/24248
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