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Effect of wearing an ice cooling jacket on repeat sprint performance in warm/humid conditions

Duffield, Rob, Dawson, Brian, Bishop, David, Fitzsimons, M and Lawrence, Steve (2003) Effect of wearing an ice cooling jacket on repeat sprint performance in warm/humid conditions. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 37 (2). pp. 164-169. ISSN 0306-3674 (print) 1473-0480 (online)

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Abstract

Objective: To examine the effect of cooling the skin with an ice jacket before and between exercise bouts (to simulate quarter and half time breaks) on prolonged repeat sprint exercise performance in warm/humid conditions. Methods: After an initial familiarisation session, seven trained male hockey players performed two testing sessions (seven days apart), comprising an 80 minute intermittent, repeat sprint cycling exercise protocol inside a climate chamber set at 30°C and 60% relative humidity. On one occasion a skin cooling procedure was implemented (in random counterbalanced order), with subjects wearing an ice cooling jacket both before (for five minutes) and in the recovery periods (2 × 5 min and 1 × 10 min) during the test. Measures of performance (work done and power output on each sprint), heart rates, blood lactate concentrations, core (rectal) and skin temperatures, sweat loss, perceived exertion, and ratings of thirst, thermal discomfort, and fatigue were obtained in both trials. Results: In the cooling condition, chest (torso) skin temperature, thermal discomfort, and rating of thirst were all significantly lower (p<0.05), but no significant difference (p>0.05) was observed between conditions for measures of work done, power output, heart rate, blood lactate concentration, core or mean skin temperature, perceived exertion, sweat loss, or ratings of fatigue. However, high effect sizes indicated trends to lowered lactate concentrations, sweat loss, and mean skin temperatures in the cooling condition. Conclusions: The intermittent use of an ice cooling jacket, both before and during a repeat sprint cycling protocol in warm/humid conditions, did not improve physical performance, although the perception of thermal load was reduced. Longer periods of cooling both before and during exercise (to lower mean skin temperature by a greater degree than observed here) may be necessary to produce such a change.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cooling jacket, physical performance, exercise performance, core temperature
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2014 05:42
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2015 23:20
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/24253
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.37.2.164
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Citations in Scopus: 77 - View on Scopus

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