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Searching for Triple Dividends in South Africa: Fighting CO2 Pollution and Poverty while Promoting Growth

Van Heerden, Jan, Gerlagh, Reyer, Blignaut, James Nelson, Horridge, Mark, Hess, Sebastiaan, Mabugu, Ramos and Mabugu, Margaret (2006) Searching for Triple Dividends in South Africa: Fighting CO2 Pollution and Poverty while Promoting Growth. Energy Journal, 27 (2). pp. 113-142. ISSN 0195-6574 (print) 1944-9089 (online)

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Abstract

A CGE model of South Africa is used to find the potential for a double or triple dividend if the revenues raised from an energy-related environmental tax are recycled to households and industry through lowering existing taxes. Four environmental taxes and three revenue-recycling schemes are compared. The environmental taxes are (i) a tax on greenhouse gas emissions, (ii) a fuel tax, (iii) a tax on electricity use, and (iv) an energy tax. The four taxes are constructed such that they have a comparable effect on emissions. The revenue is recycled through either (i) a direct tax break on both labour and capital, (ii) an indirect tax break to all households, or (iii) a reduction in the price of food. A triple dividend is found � decreasing emissions, increasing GDP, and decreasing poverty � when any one of the environmental taxes is recycled through a reduction in food prices. Energy Specializations: Energy and the Economy - Energy Poverty, Energy and the Environment - Climate Change and Greenhouse Gases, Energy and the Environment - Policy and Regulation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Air pollution, CO2, poverty, double-dividend, CGE, environmental tax, South Africa
Subjects: FOR Classification > 0502 Environmental Science and Management
FOR Classification > 1402 Applied Economics
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre of Policy Studies (CoPS)
Depositing User: Ms Julie Gardner
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2014 00:02
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2015 04:51
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/24612
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol27-No2-7
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Citations in Scopus: 64 - View on Scopus

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