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Effect of addition of two-dimensional ZIF-L nanoflakes on the properties of polyethersulfone ultrafiltration membrane

Low, Ze-Xian, Razmjou, Amir, Wang, Kun, Gray, Stephen R, Duke, Mikel and Wang, Huanting (2014) Effect of addition of two-dimensional ZIF-L nanoflakes on the properties of polyethersulfone ultrafiltration membrane. Journal of Membrane Science, 460 (15). pp. 9-17. ISSN 0376-7388

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Abstract

A new two-dimensional zeolitic imidazolate framework with leaf-shaped morphology (ZIF-L) was incorporated into polyethersulfone (PES) ultrafiltration membranes to investigate how the ZIF nanoflakes affect functional membrane properties. The membranes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and contact angle goniometry. The water permeability and molecular weight cut-offs (MWCO) of membranes were also determined under constant pressure filtration. Membrane fouling resistance was characterized under constant flux operation using bovine serum albumin (BSA) as foulant. The modified UF membrane with 0.5% ZIF-L loading showed around 75% increase in water flux without greatly affecting the MWCO. Also, the same membrane showed almost twice the fouling resistance improvement against BSA with more than 80% water flux recovery. The improvement was due to the combined effect of the lower zeta potential of the modified membrane, increased hydrophilicity and reduced surface roughness, which made the attachment of BSA protein on the membrane surface more difficult. These results demonstrate that the addition of 2-dimensional ZIF-L nanoflakes is effective for improving polymer membrane fouling resistance and water flux.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: zeolitic imidazolate framework, nanoflake, polyethersulfone, ultrafiltration
Subjects: FOR Classification > 0904 Chemical Engineering
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute for Sustainability and Innovation (ISI)
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2014 06:42
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2014 01:53
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/24791
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2014.02.026
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Citations in Scopus: 49 - View on Scopus

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