Research Repository

Football Hooliganism in the Netherlands: Patterns of Continuity and Change

Spaaij, Ramon (2007) Football Hooliganism in the Netherlands: Patterns of Continuity and Change. Soccer and Society, 8 (2-3). pp. 316-334. ISSN 1466-0970 (print) 1743-9590 (online)

Full text for this resource is not available from the Research Repository.


This article analyzes the emergence, development and dominant features of football hooliganism in the Netherlands. Using both qualitative and quantitative data, the author shows that contemporary football hooliganism in the Netherlands is more complex and less surveyable than in the past. Within this development, five dominant patterns are distinguished: the partial displacement of hooligan confrontations; increasing levels of planning and coordination; alternatives to physical violence; violence directed at the police and the heterogeneous social composition of hooligan groups. These patterns indicate that Dutch football hooliganism has changed rather than disappeared. The persistence of the phenomenon should be understood in terms of the attractions of the hooligan lifestyle to young men seeking adventure and excitement and the psycho‐social pleasures associated with hooligan violence.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: football hooliganism, football violence, football culture, football fan behaviour, Netherlands, development strategies
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
FOR Classification > 1608 Sociology
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Depositing User: Ms Julie Gardner
Date Deposited: 23 May 2014 04:57
Last Modified: 23 May 2014 04:57
ePrint Statistics: View download statistics for this item

Repository staff only

View Item View Item

Search Google Scholar