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Targeted reduction of advanced glycation improves renal function in obesity

Harcourt, Brooke E, Sourris, Karly C, Coughlan, Melinda T, Walker, Karen, Dougherty, Sonia L, Andrikopoulos, Sofianos, Morley, Amy L, Thallas-Bonke, Vicki, Chand, Vibhasha, Penfold, Sally A, de Courten, Maximilian, Thomas, Merlin C, Kingwell, Bronwyn A, Bierhaus, Angelika, Cooper, Mark E, de Courten, Barbora and Forbes, Josephine M (2011) Targeted reduction of advanced glycation improves renal function in obesity. Kidney International, 80 (2). pp. 190-198. ISSN 0085-2538 (print) 1523-1755 (online)

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Abstract

Obesity is highly prevalent in Western populations and is considered a risk factor for the development of renal impairment. Interventions that reduce the tissue burden of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) have shown promise in stemming the progression of chronic disease. Here we tested if treatments that lower tissue AGE burden in patients and mice would improve obesity-related renal dysfunction. Overweight and obese individuals (body mass index (BMI) 26–39 kg/m2) were recruited to a randomized, crossover clinical trial involving 2 weeks each on a low- and a high-AGE-containing diet. Renal function and an inflammatory profile (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF)) were improved following the low-AGE diet. Mechanisms of advanced glycation-related renal damage were investigated in a mouse model of obesity using the AGE-lowering pharmaceutical, alagebrium, and mice in which the receptor for AGE (RAGE) was deleted. Obesity, resulting from a diet high in both fat and AGE, caused renal impairment; however, treatment of the RAGE knockout mice with alagebrium improved urinary albumin excretion, creatinine clearance, the inflammatory profile, and renal oxidative stress. Alagebrium treatment, however, resulted in decreased weight gain and improved glycemic control compared with wild-type mice on a high-fat Western diet. Thus, targeted reduction of the advanced glycation pathway improved renal function in obesity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: alagebrium chloride, nephropathy, obesity, RAGE
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1103 Clinical Sciences
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > College of Health and Biomedicine
Depositing User: Ms Julie Gardner
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2014 06:23
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2015 01:09
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/25463
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/ki.2011.57
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Citations in Scopus: 69 - View on Scopus

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