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Impact of dietary nitrate supplementation via beetroot juice on exercising muscle vascular control in rats

Ferguson, Scott K, Hirai, Daniel M, Copp, Steven W, Holdsworth, Clark T, Allen, Jason, Jones, Andrew M, Musch, Timothy I and Poole, David C (2012) Impact of dietary nitrate supplementation via beetroot juice on exercising muscle vascular control in rats. The Journal of Physiology, 591 (2). pp. 547-557. ISSN 0022-3751 (print) 1469-7793 (online)

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Abstract

Dietary nitrate (NO3−) supplementation, via its reduction to nitrite (NO2−) and subsequent conversion to nitric oxide (NO) and other reactive nitrogen intermediates, reduces blood pressure and the O2 cost of submaximal exercise in humans. Despite these observations, the effects of dietary NO3− supplementation on skeletal muscle vascular control during locomotory exercise remain unknown. We tested the hypotheses that dietary NO3− supplementation via beetroot juice (BR) would reduce mean arterial pressure (MAP) and increase hindlimb muscle blood flow in the exercising rat. Male Sprague–Dawley rats (3–6 months) were administered either NO3− (via beetroot juice; 1 mmol kg−1 day−1, BR n = 8) or untreated (control, n = 11) tap water for 5 days. MAP and hindlimb skeletal muscle blood flow and vascular conductance (radiolabelled microsphere infusions) were measured during submaximal treadmill running (20 m min−1, 5% grade). BR resulted in significantly lower exercising MAP (control: 137 ± 3, BR: 127 ± 4 mmHg, P < 0.05) and blood [lactate] (control: 2.6 ± 0.3, BR: 1.9 ± 0.2 mm, P < 0.05) compared to control. Total exercising hindlimb skeletal muscle blood flow (control: 108 ± 8, BR: 150 ± 11 ml min−1 (100 g)−1, P < 0.05) and vascular conductance (control: 0.78 ± 0.05, BR: 1.16 ± 0.10 ml min−1 (100 g)−1 mmHg−1, P < 0.05) were greater in rats that received BR compared to control. The relative differences in blood flow and vascular conductance for the 28 individual hindlimb muscles and muscle parts correlated positively with their percentage type IIb + d/x muscle fibres (blood flow: r = 0.74, vascular conductance: r = 0.71, P < 0.01 for both). These data support the hypothesis that NO3− supplementation improves vascular control and elevates skeletal muscle O2 delivery during exercise predominantly in fast-twitch type II muscles, and provide a potential mechanism by which NO3− supplementation improves metabolic control.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: dietary supplements, nitric oxide, blood pressure, skeletal muscle, exercising
Subjects: FOR Classification > 0606 Physiology
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Depositing User: Ms Julie Gardner
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2014 06:54
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2014 03:36
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/25745
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2012.243121
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Citations in Scopus: 141 - View on Scopus

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