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Parallel-plate Flow Chamber and Continuous Flow Circuit to Evaluate Endothelial Progenitor Cells under Laminar Flow Shear Stress

Lane, Whitney O, Jantzen, Alexandra E, Carlon, Tim A, Jamiolkowski, Ryan M, Grenet, Justin E, Ley, Melissa M, Haseltine, Justin M, Galinat, Lauren J, Lin, Fu-Hsiung, Allen, Jason, Truskey, George A and Achneck, Hardean E (2012) Parallel-plate Flow Chamber and Continuous Flow Circuit to Evaluate Endothelial Progenitor Cells under Laminar Flow Shear Stress. Journal of Visualized Experiments, 59 (e3349). ISSN 1940-087X

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Abstract

The overall goal of this method is to describe a technique to subject adherent cells to laminar flow conditions and evaluate their response to well quantifiable fluid shear stresses1. Our flow chamber design and flow circuit (Fig. 1) contains a transparent viewing region that enables testing of cell adhesion and imaging of cell morphology immediately before flow (Fig. 11A, B), at various time points during flow (Fig. 11C), and after flow (Fig. 11D). These experiments are illustrated with human umbilical cord blood-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and porcine EPCs2,3. This method is also applicable to other adherent cell types, e.g. smooth muscle cells (SMCs) or fibroblasts. The chamber and all parts of the circuit are easily sterilized with steam autoclaving In contrast to other chambers, e.g. microfluidic chambers, large numbers of cells (> 1 million depending on cell size) can be recovered after the flow experiment under sterile conditions for cell culture or other experiments, e.g. DNA or RNA extraction, or immunohistochemistry (Fig. 11E), or scanning electron microscopy5. The shear stress can be adjusted by varying the flow rate of the perfusate, the fluid viscosity, or the channel height and width. The latter can reduce fluid volume or cell needs while ensuring that one-dimensional flow is maintained. It is not necessary to measure chamber height between experiments, since the chamber height does not depend on the use of gaskets, which greatly increases the ease of multiple experiments. Furthermore, the circuit design easily enables the collection of perfusate samples for analysis and/or quantification of metabolites secreted by cells under fluid shear stress exposure, e.g. nitric oxide (Fig. 12)6.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: bioengineering, fluid shear stress, shear stress, shear force, endothelium, endothelial progenitor cells, flow chamber, laminar flow, flow circuit, continuous flow, cell adhesion
Subjects: FOR Classification > 0903 Biomedical Engineering
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > College of Sports and Exercise Science
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Depositing User: Ms Julie Gardner
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2014 00:59
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2017 06:34
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/25748
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3791/3349
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Citations in Scopus: 17 - View on Scopus

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