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The Association of Homocysteine and Related Factors to Brachial Artery Diameter and Flow-Mediated Dilation

Wilson, Joanie B, Welsch, Michael, Allen, Jason, Thompson, Jessica, Tulley, Richard and Lefevre, Michael (2007) The Association of Homocysteine and Related Factors to Brachial Artery Diameter and Flow-Mediated Dilation. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, 56 (5). pp. 641-648. ISSN 0026-0495

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Abstract

Brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (BAFMD) has been proposed as a measurement of the degree and severity of cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to (1) evaluate the associations between BAFMD and homocysteine, folate, vitamin B12, vitamin B6; (2) examine the influence of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genotypes on homocysteine levels and BAFMD; and (3) evaluate the effect of homocysteine on the baseline diameter of the vessel vs BAFMD. A total of 174 healthy research subjects were examined for BAFMD, homocysteine, folate, vitamin B12, vitamin B6, and MTHFR genotype, nucleotide 677 C→T. The data indicated a significant inverse correlation between homocysteine and BAFMD (r = −0.1763, P = .02). There was a significant difference in BAFMD between MTHFR genotype groups (P = .01) (T/T vs C/C, P = .042; C/C vs C/T, P = .13; T/T vs C/T, P = .003). Homocysteine was significantly associated with the baseline brachial artery diameter (r = 0.1878, P = .013). The data confirmed a significant inverse correlation between baseline diameter and BAFMD (r = −0.3321, P = .0001). Regression analysis indicated that the MTHFR genotype, homocysteine, and age were significant predictors of BAFMD (P = .0001, r2 = 0.118). When the baseline brachial diameter was incorporated into the model, the effect of homocysteine on BAFMD disappeared. The present data indicate an association between homocysteine and BAFMD and reduced BAFMD in individuals with the MTHFR nucleotide 677 T/T genotype, despite similar blood values for folate and homocysteine. Finally, the data suggest that the effect of homocysteine on vascular reactivity is in part a consequence of its influence on baseline brachial artery diameter.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: brachial artery, dilation, vascular disease, cardiovascular disease, folate, vitamin B12, vitamin B6, MTHFR genotype
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
FOR Classification > 1103 Clinical Sciences
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Depositing User: Ms Julie Gardner
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2014 00:23
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2014 00:23
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/25761
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.metabol.2006.12.012
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Citations in Scopus: 0 - View on Scopus

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