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The Effect of Fuel Quantity and Location on Small Enclosure Fires

Thomas, Ian and Moinuddin, Khalid A. M and Bennetts, Ian (2007) The Effect of Fuel Quantity and Location on Small Enclosure Fires. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 17 (2). pp. 85-102. ISSN 1042-3915

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Abstract

Results from an experimental program undertaken to study the effect of fuel quantity and location on ethanol pool fires in the open and in a small enclosure (an ISO 9705 room) are compared with simulations using the Fire Dynamics Simulator version 4.03 (FDS4). The fuel in trays is placed at three locations (front, back, and center) within the room enclosure as well as directly under the calorimeter hood. The measured heat release rate (HRR) is found to vary substantially when a fuel package consisting of different quantities of ethanol is placed at different locations within the room. Instead of prescribing this HRR into the FDS simulation, these experimental results are compared with HRR predictions obtained using the FDS4 combustion model. The comparison reveals that there are significant and variable differences between the experimental results and the FDS4 predictions in contrast to simulations where the HRR is prescribed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID13313, burning rate, heat release rate, pool fire, ISO 9705 room, fuel location, grid size
Subjects: FOR Classification > 0912 Materials Engineering
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre for Environmental Safety and Risk Engineering (CESARE)
FOR Classification > 0907 Environmental Engineering
SEO Classification > 8702 Construction Design
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Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 10 May 2012 05:26
Last Modified: 10 May 2012 05:26
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/3420
DOI: 10.1177/1042391506064908
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Citations in Scopus: 9 - View on Scopus

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