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The influence of a Healthy Welcoming Environment on participation in club sport by adolescent girls: a longitudinal study

Casey, MM, Eime, Rochelle ORCID: 0000-0002-8614-2813, Harvey, John ORCID: 0000-0001-6927-6580, Sawyer, NA, Craike, Melinda ORCID: 0000-0002-7374-1286, Symons, Caroline and Payne, Warren ORCID: 0000-0001-5046-3992 (2017) The influence of a Healthy Welcoming Environment on participation in club sport by adolescent girls: a longitudinal study. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 9. ISSN 2052-1847

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Abstract

Background: This study investigated the perceived influence of a Healthy Welcoming Environment (HWE) on participation in sports clubs among adolescent girls, and how these perceptions changed longitudinally. HWE was defined in terms of a set of health promotion policies advocated by a health promotion foundation as the basis of sport club health promotion practice to promote structural reform in state sporting organisations and their affiliated associations and clubs. These included sports injury prevention, smoke-free, responsible serving of alcohol, sun protection, healthy eating, and welcoming and inclusive environments. Methods: Year 7 and 11 female students from metropolitan (n = 17) and non-metropolitan secondary schools (n = 14) in Australia were invited to participate in three annual surveys. These surveys collected information about current or past membership of a sports club and the influence of HWEs on their decision to participate (or not) in a sports club. Results: Year 7 (n = 328; 74.5%) and Year 11 (n = 112; 25.5%) female students completed all three waves (19.6% response rate; 82.7 and 74.0% retention rate). Most agreed that characteristics of HWEs were a positive influence on their participation in sports clubs, except those relating to alcohol and Sunsmart. Welcoming factors had consistent high agreement among respondents. Alcohol and friendliness factors of the club were regarded as being positively influential by higher percentages of non-metropolitan than metropolitan respondents. Conclusions: Welcoming factors were the most positive influences on decisions to participate in sports clubs. These factors may be important in reducing barriers to sport participation. Strategies supporting the social environment within sports clubs should be prioritised.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Health promotion policies; Sporting club; Adolescent
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
FOR Classification > 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2017 00:03
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2019 04:35
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/34850
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13102-017-0076-y
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Citations in Scopus: 6 - View on Scopus

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