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Cultural competence in working with the Arab Australian community: A conceptual review and the experience of the Arab Council Australia (ACA) gambling help counselling service.

Mazbouh-Moussa, R and Ohtsuka, Keis ORCID: 0000-0002-2338-0697 (2017) Cultural competence in working with the Arab Australian community: A conceptual review and the experience of the Arab Council Australia (ACA) gambling help counselling service. Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health, 7 (1). ISSN 2195-3007

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Abstract

Although Culturally And Linguistically Diverse (CALD) communities participate less in gambling than the general population, those who gamble are more likely to show signs of disordered gambling (Moore and Ohtsuka International Gambling Studies, 1, 87–101, 2001; Raylu and Oei Clinical Psychology Review, 23, 1087–1114, 2004; Yamine and Thomas The impact of gaming on specifc cultural groups, Victorian Casino and Gaming Authority, Melbourne, 2000). Research data on gambling problems and interventions in the Arab Australian community are extremely scarce. Therefore, this article will present an overview of the Arab Australian community and cultural issues regarding gambling within the Arab Australian community. Identifying these issues is important to work effectively with Arab Australians clients and those from other CALD backgrounds. The article also presents a conceptual review of peer-reviewed research articles on cultural competence in working with the Arab clients, the overview of Arab migration history to Australia and a summary of recent events that suggest a tension between Arab and non-Arab Australian communities. Observations and experiences that were encountered during the gambling counselling service operating in the Australian Arab community in New South Wales are also discussed. The research data to validate the effectiveness and positive impact of cultural competence are still in its early stages. However, a small number of community education resources have been available for working with the Arab community. From the data in annual reviews on the Arab Council Australia gambling counselling service, it was identified that cultural beliefs and expectations influence risk-taking decisions, identification of gambling issues, and preference of help seeking within the client’s social network. Further, culturally-specific sensitive issues related to political and global security events, which in turn influenced openness and willingness for the help-seeking of the Arab Australians, were identified. In conclusion, we propose that recognising diversity within the Arab Australian community is a prerequisite for increasing cultural competence and cultural sensitivity for helping professionals working with Arab Australians.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

The Special Issue on Gambling harms - Understanding and reducing disparities for certain populations of the Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health were co-edited by Maria Bellringer and Keis Ohtsuka. When the Special Issue Editor was involved as an author in the submitted manuscript, the other special issue editor or the Chair of the Board of Editors-in-Chief, Dr Irene Wong handled blind review process. Bellringer, M., & Ohtsuka, K. (2017). Special Issue of the Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health. Gambling harms - Understanding and reducing disparities for certain populations. h, 7: 5, 7, 8, 10. (Bellringer & Ohtsuka Special Issue Editors). https://www.springeropen.com/collections/GH17

Uncontrolled Keywords: Cultural competence,; Gambling counselling; Arab Australian community; Culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) gambling
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1701 Psychology
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > College of Health and Biomedicine
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2018 23:02
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2018 23:02
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/35155
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40405-017-0029-0
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