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A review of clinical and molecular prognostic factors in osteosarcoma

Clark, Jonathan C. M and Dass, Crispin R and Choong, Peter F. M (2008) A review of clinical and molecular prognostic factors in osteosarcoma. Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology, 134 (3). pp. 281-297. ISSN 0171-5216

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Abstract

Traditional prognostic determinants in osteosarcoma have included demographics (age, sex), tumour size, site, stage, and the response to chemotherapy. Many of these are determined using varying techniques and units of measurement, which can make comparison between studies diYcult. The absence of survival diVerence between limb sparing surgery and amputation has been repeatedly demonstrated in primary disease, and even in the setting of pathological fracture. On the other hand, there is still some controversy over the existence of increased local recurrence for limb-sparing surgery, and the implications of this. Commonly used prognostic determinants such as metastases, and response to chemotherapy enable a high degree of prognostic accuracy but usually at a late stage in the course of disease. Leading on from this, there is a need to uncover molecular pathways with speciWc inXuence over osteosarcoma progression to facilitate earlier treatment changes. Some important pathways are already being deWned, for example the association of CXCR4 with metastases on presentation, the likelihood of doxorubicin resistance with positive P-glycoprotein, and the reduced survival prediction of over expressed survivin. It is anticipated that the future of osteosarcoma treatment will involve treatment tailored to the molecular proWle of tumours at diagnosis, adjuvant therapy directed towards dysfunctional molecular pathways rather than the use of cytotoxics, and a more standardised approach to the measurement of clinical prognostic factors.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID18854. osteosarcoma, prognosis, molecular, staging, metastasis, chemotherapy
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1112 Oncology and Carcinogenesis
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Biomedical and Health Sciences
SEO Classification > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2011 02:14
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2015 22:49
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/3573
DOI: 10.1007/s00432-007-0330-x
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Citations in Scopus: 96 - View on Scopus

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