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Triathlon related musculoskeletal injuries: The status of injury prevention knowledge

Gosling, Cameron McR and Gabbe, B and Forbes, A (2008) Triathlon related musculoskeletal injuries: The status of injury prevention knowledge. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 11 (4). pp. 396-406. ISSN 1440-2440

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Abstract

Triathlon is a popular participation sport that combines swimming, cycling and running into a single event. A number of studies have investigated the incidence of injury, profile of injuries sustained and factors contributing to triathlon injury. This paper summarises the published literature in the context of the evidence base for the prevention of triathlon related injuries. Relevant articles on triathlon injuries were sourced from peer-reviewed English language journals and assessed using the Translating Research into Injury Prevention Practice (TRIPP) framework. This review highlights the significant knowledge gap that exists in the published literature describing the incidence of injury, the profile of injuries sustained and evidence for the prevention of injury in triathlon. Despite the number of studies undertaken to address TRIPP Stages 1 and 2 (injury surveillance, aetiology and mechanism of injury), most triathlon studies have been limited by retrospective designs with substantial, and unvalidated, recall periods, inconsistency in the definitions used for a reportable injury and exposure to injury, or a failure to capture exposure data at all. Overall, the paucity of quality, prospective studies investigating the incidence of injury in triathlon and factors contributing to their occurrence has led to an inability to adequately inform the development of injury prevention strategies (TRIPP Stages 3—6) for this sport, a situation that must be rectified if gains are to be made in reducing the burden of triathlon related injury.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID16445, triathlon, injuries, epidemiology, prevention
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre for Ageing, Rehabilitation, Exercise & Sport Science (CARES)
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Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2011 04:55
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 04:55
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/3680
DOI: 10.1016/j.jsams.2007.07.009
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Citations in Scopus: 23 - View on Scopus

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