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Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase overexpression in pancreatic β-cells results in reduced insulin secretion: a new mechanism for fat-induced impairment of β-cell function.

Kebede, Melkam and Favaloro, Jenny and Gunton, Jenny E and Laybutt, D Ross and Shaw, Margaret and Wong, Nicole and Fam, Barbara C and Aston-Mourney, Kathryn and Rantzau, Christian and Zulli, Anthony and Prioietto, Joseph and Andrikopoulos, Sofianos (2008) Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase overexpression in pancreatic β-cells results in reduced insulin secretion: a new mechanism for fat-induced impairment of β-cell function. Diabetes, 57 (7). pp. 1887-1895. ISSN 0012-1797

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE—Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) is a gluconeogenic enzyme that is upregulated in islets or pancreatic beta-cell lines exposed to high fat. However, whether specific beta-cell upregulation of FBPase can impair insulin secretory function is not known. The objective of this study therefore is to determine whether a specific increase in islet beta-cell FBPase can result in reduced glucose-mediated insulin secretion. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—To test this hypothesis, we have generated three transgenic mouse lines overexpressing the human FBPase (huFBPase) gene specifically in pancreatic islet beta-cells. In addition, to investigate the biochemical mechanism by which elevated FBPase affects insulin secretion, we made two pancreatic beta-cell lines (MIN6) stably overexpressing huFBPase. RESULTS—FBPase transgenic mice showed reduced insulin secretion in response to an intravenous glucose bolus. Compared with the untransfected parental MIN6, FBPase-overexpressing cells showed a decreased cell proliferation rate and significantly depressed glucose-induced insulin secretion. These defects were associated with a decrease in the rate of glucose utilization, resulting in reduced cellular ATP levels. CONCLUSIONS—Taken together, these results suggest that upregulation of FBPase in pancreatic islet beta-cells, as occurs in states of lipid oversupply and type 2 diabetes, contributes to insulin secretory dysfunction.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID17605, ResPubID22034. Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase), pancreatic beta-cell lines, impairing insulin secretory function, increase in islet beta-cell FBPase, reduction of glucose-mediated insulin secretion
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1101 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Biomedical and Health Sciences
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Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2011 04:00
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2015 06:35
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/3743
DOI: 10.2337/db07-1326
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Citations in Scopus: 21 - View on Scopus

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