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A culturally appropriate diet and lifestyle intervention can successfully treat the components of metabolic syndrome in female Pakistani immigrants residing in Melbourne, Australia

Kousar, Rizwana and Burns, Cate and Lewandowski, Paul (2008) A culturally appropriate diet and lifestyle intervention can successfully treat the components of metabolic syndrome in female Pakistani immigrants residing in Melbourne, Australia. Metabolism, 57 (11). pp. 1502-1508. ISSN 0026-0495

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Abstract

This study was designed to test the effectiveness of a culturally appropriate diet and lifestyle intervention to treat metabolic syndrome in female Pakistani immigrants residing in Melbourne, Australia. Forty Pakistani women with metabolic syndrome (aged 20-50 years) completed a 12-week culturally appropriate diet and exercise program. Results indicate that, before intervention, participants were sedentary, taking 4000 ± 22.6 steps per day, and had an obese-classified body mass index (BMI) of 29.2 ± 0.46 kg/m 2 (BMI was categorized in accordance with guidelines specifically designed for Asians) and high waist circumference of 132 ± 25.95 cm. Participants were hypertensive (systolic, 135 ± 1.3 mm Hg; diastolic, 86 ± 0.68 mm Hg), were dyslipidemic (total cholesterol, 6.8 ± 0.15 mmol/L; triglycerides, 2.9 ± 0.09 mmol/L), and had elevated blood glucose (6.4 ± 0.33 mmol/L) and fasting blood insulin (45 ± 6.3 μU/mL) levels. After the 12-week culturally appropriate intervention, activity increased (8600 ± 596.7 steps per day, P b .05); and BMI (27.8 ± 0.45 kg/m 2), blood pressure (systolic, 125 ± 1.4 mm Hg; diastolic, 80 ± 0.6 mm Hg), cholesterol (5.5 ± 0.1 mmol/L), blood glucose (5.9 ± 0.33 mmol/L), and blood insulin (24.14 ± 1.8 μU/mL) levels were all significantly reduced (P b .05). This study revealed that the Pakistani female migrants who had metabolic syndrome and its components can successfully be treated via a culturally appropriate diet and lifestyle intervention. The success of the current program raises the possibility that other high-risk ethnic groups can also be treated with a culturally appropriate program.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID16398, culturally appropriate diet and lifestyle, metabolic syndrome, female Pakistani immigrants in Melbourne (Australia)
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences
FOR Classification > 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
SEO Classification > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Biomedical and Health Sciences
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Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2011 00:10
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2011 00:10
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/3768
DOI: 10.1016/j.metabol.2008.06.003
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Citations in Scopus: 12 - View on Scopus

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