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A culturally appropriate diet and lifestyle intervention can successfully treat the components of metabolic syndrome in female Pakistani immigrants residing in Melbourne, Australia

Kousar, Rizwana, Burns, Cate and Lewandowski, Paul (2008) A culturally appropriate diet and lifestyle intervention can successfully treat the components of metabolic syndrome in female Pakistani immigrants residing in Melbourne, Australia. Metabolism, 57 (11). pp. 1502-1508. ISSN 0026-0495

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Abstract

This study was designed to test the effectiveness of a culturally appropriate diet and lifestyle intervention to treat metabolic syndrome in female Pakistani immigrants residing in Melbourne, Australia. Forty Pakistani women with metabolic syndrome (aged 20-50 years) completed a 12-week culturally appropriate diet and exercise program. Results indicate that, before intervention, participants were sedentary, taking 4000 ± 22.6 steps per day, and had an obese-classified body mass index (BMI) of 29.2 ± 0.46 kg/m 2 (BMI was categorized in accordance with guidelines specifically designed for Asians) and high waist circumference of 132 ± 25.95 cm. Participants were hypertensive (systolic, 135 ± 1.3 mm Hg; diastolic, 86 ± 0.68 mm Hg), were dyslipidemic (total cholesterol, 6.8 ± 0.15 mmol/L; triglycerides, 2.9 ± 0.09 mmol/L), and had elevated blood glucose (6.4 ± 0.33 mmol/L) and fasting blood insulin (45 ± 6.3 μU/mL) levels. After the 12-week culturally appropriate intervention, activity increased (8600 ± 596.7 steps per day, P b .05); and BMI (27.8 ± 0.45 kg/m 2), blood pressure (systolic, 125 ± 1.4 mm Hg; diastolic, 80 ± 0.6 mm Hg), cholesterol (5.5 ± 0.1 mmol/L), blood glucose (5.9 ± 0.33 mmol/L), and blood insulin (24.14 ± 1.8 μU/mL) levels were all significantly reduced (P b .05). This study revealed that the Pakistani female migrants who had metabolic syndrome and its components can successfully be treated via a culturally appropriate diet and lifestyle intervention. The success of the current program raises the possibility that other high-risk ethnic groups can also be treated with a culturally appropriate program.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID16398, culturally appropriate diet and lifestyle, metabolic syndrome, female Pakistani immigrants in Melbourne (Australia)
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences
FOR Classification > 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
SEO Classification > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Biomedical and Health Sciences
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Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2011 00:10
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2011 00:10
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/3768
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.metabol.2008.06.003
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Citations in Scopus: 22 - View on Scopus

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