How baseball players prepare to bat: tactical knowledge as a mediator of expert performance in baseball
McPherson, Sue and MacMahon, Clare (2008) How baseball players prepare to bat: tactical knowledge as a mediator of expert performance in baseball. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 30 (6). pp. 755-778. ISSN 0895-2779Full text for this resource is not available from the Research Repository.
Our understanding of the role of tactical knowledge in baseball batting preparation is scarce, thereby limiting training guidelines. We examined the verbal reports of baseball players and nonplayers when told to view different edited video sequences of a half-inning of baseball competition under different task conditions: to prepare to bat (problem solve); recall as much information as possible (intentional recall); or prepare to bat, with an unexpected recall (incidental recall). Separate mixed-model ANOVAs (Expertise Instruction conditions) on verbal report measures indicated that nonplayers used general strategies for recalling baseball events and lacked the tactical skills to use such information for their upcoming times at bat. In contrast, players used baseball-specific strategies to encode and retrieve pertinent game events from long-term memory (LTM) to develop tactics for their upcoming times at bat and to recall as much information as possible. Recommendations for training tactical skills are presented as some players exhibited deficiencies in the LTM structures that mediate batting decisions.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||ResPubID16480, tactical knowledge, baseball batting preparation, training guidelines, recall, batting decisions, long-term memory|
|Subjects:||FOR Classification > 1702 Cognitive Science
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre for Ageing, Rehabilitation, Exercise & Sport Science (CARES)
FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
|Date Deposited:||08 Sep 2011 04:22|
|Last Modified:||08 Sep 2011 04:22|
|ePrint Statistics:||View download statistics for this item|
|Citations in Scopus:||15 - View on Scopus|
Repository staff only