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Effects of Environmental Conditions on the Production of Hypocotyl Hairs in Seedlings of Melaleuca Ericifolia (swamp paperbark)

Robinson, Randall William and Boon, Paul I and Sawtell, Nina and James, Elizabeth A and Cross, Robert (2008) Effects of Environmental Conditions on the Production of Hypocotyl Hairs in Seedlings of Melaleuca Ericifolia (swamp paperbark). Australian Journal of Botany, 56 (7). pp. 564-573. ISSN 0067-1924

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Abstract

The production of hypocotyl hairs in the early stages of seedling development can strongly influence the success with which plants recruit sexually in harsh environments. Although wetlands are one type of environment in which seedlings might be expected to develop hypocotyl hairs, there have been few studies of these structures in the woody aquatic plants.We investigated the production of hypocotyl hairs in Melaleuca ericifolia Sm., a small wetland tree widely distributed across swampy coastal areas of south-eastern Australia, in relation to water availability, salinity, temperature and light regime. Hypocotyl hairs were ~20mmlong�30 mmwide; in contrast, root hairs were generally less than 5mmlong and 15 mmwide. Hypocotyl hairs were produced only under a narrow range of environmental conditions—low salinity, low water availability, moderate temperature, and darkness—and seedlings that failed to produce hypocotyl hairs did not survive. Since the conditions under which hypocotyl hairs were produced were at least as, and possibly even more, restricted than those required for successful germination of seeds, it is likely that the successful sexual recruitment of M. ericifolia would be rare and episodic under conditions existing in most coastal wetlands in south-eastern Australia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID14792, hypocotyl hairs, seedling development, plants in harsh environments, wetlands, Melaleuca ericifolia Sm., water availability, salinity, temperature regime, light regime, germination of seeds, successful sexual recruitment of M. ericifolia, south-eastern Australia coastal wetlands
Subjects: Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute for Sustainability and Innovation (ISI)
FOR Classification > 0501 Ecological Applications
SEO Classification > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2011 04:07
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2015 05:30
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/3911
DOI: 10.1071/BT06186
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Citations in Scopus: 5 - View on Scopus

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