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Beneficial Effects of Lepidium Meyenii (Maca) on Psychological Symptoms and Measures of Sexual Dysfunction in Postmenopausal Women are not Related to Estrogen or Androgen Content

Stojanovska, Lily and Brooks, Nicole and Wilcox, Gisela and Walker, Karen and Ashton Cox, John (2008) Beneficial Effects of Lepidium Meyenii (Maca) on Psychological Symptoms and Measures of Sexual Dysfunction in Postmenopausal Women are not Related to Estrogen or Androgen Content. Menopause, 15 (6). pp. 1157-1162. ISSN 10723714

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Abstract

Objective: To examine the estrogenic and androgenic activity of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) and its effect on the hormonal profile and symptoms in postmenopausal women. Design: Fourteen postmenopausal women completed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. They received 3.5 g/day of powered Maca for 6 weeks and matching placebo for 6 weeks, in either order, over a total of 12 weeks. At baseline and weeks 6 and 12 blood samples were collected for the measurement of estradiol, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and sex hormoneYbinding globulin, and the women completed the Greene Climacteric Scale to assess the severity of menopausal symptoms. In addition, aqueous and methanolic Maca extracts were tested for androgenic and estrogenic activity using a yeast-based hormone-dependent reporter assay. Results: No differences were seen in serum concentrations of estradiol, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and sex hormoneYbinding globulin between baseline, Maca treatment, and placebo (P 9 0.05). The Greene Climacteric Scale revealed a significant reduction in scores in the areas of psychological symptoms, including the subscales for anxiety and depression and sexual dysfunction after Maca consumption compared with both baseline and placebo (P G 0.05). These findings did not correlate with androgenic or >-estrogenic activity present in the Maca as no physiologically significant activity was observed in yeast-based assays employing up to 4 mg/mL Maca extract (equivalent to 200 mg/mL Maca). Conclusions: Preliminary findings show that Lepidium meyenii (Maca) (3.5 g/d) reduces psychological symptoms, including anxiety and depression, and lowers measures of sexual dysfunction in postmenopausal women independent of estrogenic and androgenic activity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID15349, Lepidium meyenii, Maca, menopausal symptoms, anxiety, depression, complementary therapies, estrogenicity
Subjects: Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Biomedical and Health Sciences
FOR Classification > 1116 Medical Physiology
SEO Classification > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Related URLs:
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2011 02:56
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2011 02:56
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/3977
DOI: 10.1097/gme.0b013e3181732953
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Citations in Scopus: 22 - View on Scopus

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