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Research on Joint Sparse Representation Learning Approaches

Teng, Luyao (2019) Research on Joint Sparse Representation Learning Approaches. PhD thesis, Victoria University.

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Abstract

Dimensionality reduction techniques such as feature extraction and feature selection are critical tools employed in artificial intelligence, machine learning and pattern recognitions tasks. Previous studies of dimensionality reduction have three common problems: 1) The conventional techniques are disturbed by noise data. In the context of determining useful features, the noises may have adverse effects on the result. Given that noises are inevitable, it is essential for dimensionality reduction techniques to be robust from noises. 2) The conventional techniques separate the graph learning system apart from informative feature determination. These techniques used to construct a data structure graph first, and keep the graph unchanged to process the feature extraction or feature selection. Hence, the result of feature extraction or feature selection is strongly relying on the graph constructed. 3) The conventional techniques determine data intrinsic structure with less systematic and partial analyzation. They maintain either the data global structure or the data local manifold structure. As a result, it becomes difficult for one technique to achieve great performance in different datasets. We propose three learning models that overcome prementioned problems for various tasks under different learning environment. Specifically, our research outcomes are listing as followings: 1) We propose a novel learning model that joints Sparse Representation (SR) and Locality Preserving Projection (LPP), named Joint Sparse Representation and Locality Preserving Projection for Feature Extraction (JSRLPP), to extract informative features in the context of unsupervised learning environment. JSRLPP processes the feature extraction and data structure learning simultaneously, and is able to capture both the data global and local structure. The sparse matrix in the model operates directly to deal with different types of noises. We conduct comprehensive experiments and confirm that the proposed learning model performs impressive over the state-of-the-art approaches. 2) We propose a novel learning model that joints SR and Data Residual Relationships (DRR), named Unsupervised Feature Selection with Adaptive Residual Preserving (UFSARP), to select informative features in the context of unsupervised learning environment. Such model does not only reduce disturbance of different types of noise, but also effectively enforces similar samples to have similar reconstruction residuals. Besides, the model carries graph construction and feature determination simultaneously. Experimental results show that the proposed framework improves the effect of feature selection. 3) We propose a novel learning model that joints SR and Low-rank Representation (LRR), named Sparse Representation based Classifier with Low-rank Constraint (SRCLC), to extract informative features in the context of supervised learning environment. When processing the model, the Low-rank Constraint (LRC) regularizes both the within-class structure and between-class structure while the sparse matrix works to handle noises and irrelevant features. With extensive experiments, we confirm that SRLRC achieves impressive improvement over other approaches. To sum up, with the purpose of obtaining appropriate feature subset, we propose three novel learning models in the context of supervised learning and unsupervised learning to complete the tasks of feature extraction and feature selection respectively. Comprehensive experimental results on public databases demonstrate that our models are performing superior over the state-of-the-art approaches.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD thesis)
Uncontrolled Keywords: subspace learning; sparse representation; low-rank representation; locality preserving projection; data residual relationships; feature extraction; feature selection
Subjects: Current > FOR Classification > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing
Current > FOR Classification > 0802 Computation Theory and Mathematics
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2020 05:13
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2020 05:13
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/40024
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