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Skill-Related Differences Between Athletes and Non-Athletes in Speed Discrimination

Watt, Anthony P and Thomson, Kaivo and Liukkonen, Jarmo (2008) Skill-Related Differences Between Athletes and Non-Athletes in Speed Discrimination. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 107 (3). pp. 893-900. ISSN 00315125

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Abstract

This study examined differences in decision-making time and accuracy as attributes of speed discrimination between participants skilled and less skilled in ball games. A total of 130 men, ages 18 to 28 years (M = 21.2, SD = 2.6), participated. The athlete sample (skilled group) comprised Estonian National League volleyball (n = 26) and basketball players (n = 27). The nonathlete sample (less skilled group) included 77 soldiers of the Estonian Defence Force with no reported top level experience in ball games. Speed-discrimination stimuli were images of red square shapes presented moving along the sagittal axis at four different virtual velocities on a computer (PC) screen which represented the frontal plane. Analysis indicated that only decision-making time was significantly different between the elite athlete and nonathlete groups. This finding suggests a possible effect of ball-game skills for decision-making time in speed discrimination.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID15318. speed discrimination, athletes, non-athletes, ball-game skills, decision-making time, Estonia, Estonian
Subjects: Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Education
FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
SEO Classification > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2011 06:03
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2011 06:03
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/4035
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