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Muscle building supplement use in Australian adolescent boys: Relationships with body image, weight lifting, and sports engagement

Yager, Zali ORCID: 0000-0002-2503-7374 and McLean, Sian ORCID: 0000-0002-4273-2037 (2020) Muscle building supplement use in Australian adolescent boys: Relationships with body image, weight lifting, and sports engagement. BMC Pediatrics, 20 (1). ISSN 1471-2431

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Abstract

© 2020 The Author(s). Background: The extent and implications of muscle building protein supplement use among adolescents is relatively unknown. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of protein powder, creatine, and anabolic steroid use in a sample of 14-16 year-old boys in Australia, and the predictors of actual use, and intentions to use protein powder. Methods: Data were obtained from questionnaires with Australian adolescent boys aged 14-16 years from one independent boy's school in Melbourne (N = 237). Hierarchical linear and logistic regressions were used to determine the predictors of intentions, and actual use of protein powder. Results: 49.8% of boys reported current use of, and 62% intended to use protein powder; 8.4% used creatine, and 4.2% used anabolic steroids. Higher levels of drive for muscularity, participation in weight training, and playing a greater number of sports were significant predictors of higher current use and intentions to use protein powder, but age, BMI, body esteem, and ethnicity were not. Conclusions: Prevalence of muscle building supplement use was relatively high among this adolescent population. This research has implications for intervention and prevention programs to educate young boys about muscle building supplements to reduce negative physical and psychological health effects of their use.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: protein supplement ; muscularity ; body image ; adolescent boys ; weight training ; muscle-enhancement ; body esteem ; adolescents ; protein powders
Subjects: Current > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Current > FOR Classification > 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Health and Sport
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2020 03:27
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2020 03:27
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/40622
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-020-1993-6
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Citations in Scopus: 0 - View on Scopus

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