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Reliability of a wellness inventory for use among adolescent females aged 12-14 years

Rachele, Jerome ORCID: 0000-0002-5101-4010, Cuddihy, TF, Washington, TL and McPhail, SM (2014) Reliability of a wellness inventory for use among adolescent females aged 12-14 years. BMC Women's Health, 14 (1). ISSN 1472-6874

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Abstract

Background: The wellness construct has application in a number of fields including education, healthcare and counseling, particularly with regard to female adolescents. The effective measurement of wellness in adolescents can assist researchers and practitioners in determining lifestyle behaviors in which they are lacking. Behavior change interventions can then be designed which directly aid in the promotion of these areas.Methods: The 5-Factor Wellness Inventory (designed to measure the Indivisible Self model of wellness) is a popular instrument for measuring the broad aspects of wellness amongst adolescents. The instrument comprises 97 items contributing to 17 subscales, five dimension scores, four context scores, total wellness score, and a life satisfaction index. This investigation evaluated the test-retest (intra-rater) reliability of the 5F-Wel instrument in repeated assessments (seven days apart) among adolescent females aged 12-14 years. Percentages of exact agreement for individual items, and the number of respondents who scored within ±5, ±7.5 and ±10 points for total wellness and the five summary dimension scores were calculated.Results: Overall, 46 (95.8%) participants responded with complete data and were included in the analysis. Item agreement ranged from 47.8% to 100% across the 97 items (median 69.9%, interquartile range 60.9%-73.9%). The percentage of respondents who scored within ±5, ±7.5 and ±10 points for total wellness at the re-assessment was 87.0%, 97.8% and 97.8% respectively. The percentage of respondents who scored within ±5, ±7.5 and ±10 for the domain scores at the reassessment ranged between 54.3-76.1%, 78.3-95.7% and 89.1-95.7% respectively across the five dimensions.Conclusions: These findings suggest there was considerable variation in agreement between the two assessments on some individual items. However, the total wellness score and the five dimension summary scores remained comparatively stable between assessments. © 2014 Rachele et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: adolescents ; health promotion ; potential ; positive behaviors ; group intervention
Subjects: Current > FOR Classification > 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Current > Division/Research > College of Health and Biomedicine
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2020 06:23
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2020 06:23
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/40906
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6874-14-87
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Citations in Scopus: 0 - View on Scopus

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