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The relationship between physical fitness attributes and sports injury in female, team ball sport players: A systematic review

Farley, Jessica B, Barrett, Lily M, Keogh, JWL, Woods, Carl ORCID: 0000-0002-7129-8938 and Milne, Nikki (2020) The relationship between physical fitness attributes and sports injury in female, team ball sport players: A systematic review. Sports Medicine - Open, 6 (45). ISSN 2198-9761

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Abstract

Background: Understanding the relationships between physical fitness characteristics and sports injury may assist with the development of injury minimisation programs. The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the association between physical fitness attributes and sports injury in female, team ball sport players. Methods: Four scientific databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, Scopus) and reference lists of relevant research were searched for eligible studies up to September 2, 2019. Full-text articles examining the relationship between physical fitness and sports injury in female, team ball sport players were included. A modified Downs and Black checklist was used to assess methodological quality. Data synthesis determined summary conclusions based on the number of significant relationships divided by the total relationships investigated and reported as a percentage. Level of certainty was identified for summary conclusions based on level of evidence. Sub-analyses regarding competition level, age, and single injury types were also conducted. Results: A total of 44 studies were included. Data synthesis revealed no associations (low to moderate certainty) between coordination (3/16; 19%), body composition (1/9; 11%), flexibility (18-20%), and balance (2/8; 25%) and ‘any injury’ classification. No associations (moderate certainty) were found between flexibility (0-27%), muscular strength (0-27%), body composition (14-33%), and balance (0-20%) and various body region injury classifications. Many associations between physical fitness and sports injury were deemed ‘unknown’ or with an insufficient level of certainty. Sub-analyses revealed no association between strength and non-contact ACL injuries (0/5; 0%) or ankle sprains (0/12; 0%), and between flexibility and ankle sprains (1/5; 20%); however, insufficient certainty of these results exists. Clear associations were concluded between balance and lower body injuries in female, non-elite (10/16; 63%) and junior (9/12; 75%) team ball sport players, with moderate and insufficient certainty of these results, respectively. Conclusion: Limited evidence is available to demonstrate relationships between physical fitness and sports injury in female, team ball sport players. High-quality evidence investigating the multifactorial nature of sports injury, including the interactions physical fitness qualities have with other injury determinants, is needed to better understand the role of physical fitness in minimising sports injuries in female, team ball sport players. Registration: CRD42017077374 (PROSPERO on 24 September 2017).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Women, Injury prevention, Fitness characteristics, team sports
Subjects: Current > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Health and Sport
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2020 04:19
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2020 02:29
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/40942
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40798-020-00264-9
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