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Hydrothermal Stability of Cobalt Silica Membranes in a Water Gas Shift Membrane Reactor

Battersby, Scott E and Smart, Simon and Ladewig, Bradley P and Liu, Shaomin and Duke, Mikel and Rudolph, Victor and da Costa, João C. Diniz (2009) Hydrothermal Stability of Cobalt Silica Membranes in a Water Gas Shift Membrane Reactor. Separation and Purification Technology, 66 (2). pp. 299-305. ISSN 1383-5866

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Abstract

Cobalt silica membranes were fabricated using sol–gel techniques for separation of H2 in a membrane reactor set up for the low temperature (up to 300 ◦C) water gas shift (WGS) reaction. Single dry gas testing prior to reaction showed He/N2 and H2/CO2 selectivities increasing from 75–400 to 45–160 as the temperature increased from 100 to 250 ◦C, respectively. During reaction the membrane delivered a H2 permeation purity of 89–95% at high conversions, with the higher water ratio conversion providing superior membrane operational performance. Characterisation of bulk gels indicated that the cobalt silica was hydrophilic and exposure to steam at 200 ◦C resulted in the densification of the film matrix. The cobalt doping allowed for the membrane structural microporosity to be maintained as H2 selectivity was not affected by steam exposure, though the flux decreased due to pore collapse of the film matrix. A total of 8 thermal cycle testing were carried out from room temperature to 300 ◦C, and the membrane displayed good hydrothermal stability, maintaining a high H2 selectivity for over 200 h of operation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID17066. hydrothermal stability, cobalt silica membranes, water gas shift membrane reactor, membrane reactors, hydrogen separation, water gas shift reaction
Subjects: Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute for Sustainability and Innovation (ISI)
FOR Classification > 0904 Chemical Engineering
SEO Classification > 9004 Water and Waste Services
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2011 00:22
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2015 22:37
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/4147
DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2008.12.020
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Citations in Scopus: 43 - View on Scopus

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