Adsorption characteristics of N-nitrosodimethylamine from aqueous solutions on surface-modified activated carbons

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Dai, X, Zou, Linda, Zifeng, Y and Millikan, Mary (2009) Adsorption characteristics of N-nitrosodimethylamine from aqueous solutions on surface-modified activated carbons. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 168 (1). pp. 51-56. ISSN 0304-3894

Abstract

This study investigated the removal of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) by an adsorption mechanism using commercially available activated carbons and surface-modified activated carbons. The effects of the modification on the properties of the activated carbonwere studied by N2 adsorption/desorption, Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transmission (DRIFT) analysis and X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). Adsorption experiments revealed that the activated carbons demonstrated a greater capacity for NDMA adsorption capacity than can be achieved using zeolite. The equilibrium data was fitted to the Freundlich equation and it was found that the adsorption capacity was significantly influenced by the micropore size, relative pore volume and surface characteristics. Adsorption experiments were conducted using unmodified and modified activated carbons. The results indicated that the adsorption capacity of NDMA can be significantly improved by heat treatment and doping of TiO2 particles. Thiswas because the surface treatments yielded more hydrophobic sites and fewer oxygen-containing surface functional groups, and consequently an increased capacity for NDMA adsorption.

Item type Article
URI http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/4237
Identification Number https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.01.119
Official URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...
Subjects Current > FOR Classification > 0305 Organic Chemistry
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Engineering and Science
Keywords ResPubID19145. adsorption, N-nitrosodimethylamine, NDMA, aqueous solutions, surface-modified activated carbons, disinfection by-products, activated carbons, surface modification, hydrophobic, water reuse
Citations in Scopus 24 - View on Scopus
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