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Adsorption characteristics of N-nitrosodimethylamine from aqueous solutions on surface-modified activated carbons

Dai, X and Zou, Linda and Zifeng, Y and Millikan, Mary (2009) Adsorption characteristics of N-nitrosodimethylamine from aqueous solutions on surface-modified activated carbons. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 168 (1). pp. 51-56. ISSN 0304-3894

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Abstract

This study investigated the removal of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) by an adsorption mechanism using commercially available activated carbons and surface-modified activated carbons. The effects of the modification on the properties of the activated carbonwere studied by N2 adsorption/desorption, Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transmission (DRIFT) analysis and X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). Adsorption experiments revealed that the activated carbons demonstrated a greater capacity for NDMA adsorption capacity than can be achieved using zeolite. The equilibrium data was fitted to the Freundlich equation and it was found that the adsorption capacity was significantly influenced by the micropore size, relative pore volume and surface characteristics. Adsorption experiments were conducted using unmodified and modified activated carbons. The results indicated that the adsorption capacity of NDMA can be significantly improved by heat treatment and doping of TiO2 particles. Thiswas because the surface treatments yielded more hydrophobic sites and fewer oxygen-containing surface functional groups, and consequently an increased capacity for NDMA adsorption.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID19145. adsorption, N-nitrosodimethylamine, NDMA, aqueous solutions, surface-modified activated carbons, disinfection by-products, activated carbons, surface modification, hydrophobic, water reuse
Subjects: FOR Classification > 0305 Organic Chemistry
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Engineering and Science
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2011 23:58
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2011 23:58
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/4237
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.01.119
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Citations in Scopus: 7 - View on Scopus

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