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Seawater Desalination Performance of MF1 Type Membranes Made by Secondary Growth

Duke, Mikel and O'Brien-Abraham, Jessica and Milne, Nicholas A and Zhu, Bo and Lin, Jerry Y. S and Diniz da Costa, J. C (2009) Seawater Desalination Performance of MF1 Type Membranes Made by Secondary Growth. Separation and Purification Technology, 68 (3). pp. 343-350. ISSN 1383-5866

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Abstract

Seawater desalination is now commonly performed using membrane technology but new materials research is however needed to address issues such as membrane fouling. Ceramic materials such as zeolites are capable of providing the required desalination properties while being potentially tolerant to waters which readily foul polymer membranes and/or can withstand more cost effective cleaning methods. In this paper, we developed Silicalite and ZSM-5 zeolite membranes and tested desalination using the thermally based pervaporation, and more common reverse osmosis (RO) operation modes. Zeolite membraneswere synthesised by the template-free secondary growth technique with varying Si/Al ratios. X-ray diffraction spectra of allmembranes showed randomly oriented MFI structure. For intactmembrane films, gas permeation was not measurable at room temperature until membrane was first heated to at least 125 ◦C under dry helium implying minimal defects and zeolite pore plugging bywater. In pervaporation with 3.8 wt% seawater feed, zeolites containing alumina actively rejected ions, displaying equivalent rejections exceeding 99%. Flux typically decreased after introduction of seawater, but the membrane with Si/Al ratio of 100 uniquely showed a 30% increase in flux which could only be explained by an ion exchange/interaction mechanism which opened the zeolite structure to permeation. Optimal temperature for pervaporation was found to be 80 ◦C, where high rejections persisted, and flux increased to 0.72kgm−2 h−1. In RO, the Silicalite membrane achieved highest rejections, but had not reached steady state after 25 h of operation. Negative rejections were initially observed, but eventually crossed into positive values over time. Despite the complexity of water and multiple ion diffusion through molecular dimensioned zeolites with complex charged surfaces, MFI zeolite membranes with tailored Si/Al ratios are ideal candidates for desalination.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID17070, ceramic membranes, desalination, MFI zeolite, reverse osmosis, pervaporation, membrane distillation
Subjects: Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute for Sustainability and Innovation (ISI)
FOR Classification > 0904 Chemical Engineering
SEO Classification > 9004 Water and Waste Services
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2011 23:54
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2015 04:09
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/4280
DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2009.06.003
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Citations in Scopus: 28 - View on Scopus

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