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Computational Intelligence in Gait Research: A Perspective on Current Applications and Future Challenges

Lai, Daniel and Begg, Rezaul and Palaniswami, Marimuthu (2009) Computational Intelligence in Gait Research: A Perspective on Current Applications and Future Challenges. IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine, 13 (5). pp. 687-702. ISSN 1089-7771

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Abstract

Our mobility is an important daily requirement so much so that any disruption to it severely degrades our perceived quality of life. Studies in gait and human movement sciences, therefore, play a significant role in maintaining the well-being of our mobility. Current gait analysis involves numerous interdependent gait parameters that are difficult to adequately interpret due to the large volume of recorded data and lengthy assessment times in gait laboratories. A proposed solution to these problems is computational intelligence (CI), which is an emerging paradigm in biomedical engineering most notably in pathology detection and prosthesis design. The integration of CI technology in gait systems facilitates studies in disorders caused by lower limb defects, cerebral disorders, and aging effects by learning data relationships through a combination of signal processing and machine learning techniques. Learning paradigms, such as supervised learning, unsupervised learning, and fuzzy and evolutionary algorithms, provide advanced modeling capabilities for biomechanical systems that in the past have relied heavily on statistical analysis. CI offers the ability to investigate nonlinear data relationships, enhance data interpretation, design more efficient diagnostic methods, and extrapolate model functionality. These are envisioned to result in more cost-effective, efficient, and easy-to-use systems, which would address global shortages in medical personnel and rising medical costs. This paper surveys current signal processing and CI methodologies followed by gait applications ranging from normal gait studies and disorder detection to artificial gait simulation. We review recent systems focusing on the existing challenges and issues involved in making them successful. We also examine new research in sensor technologies for gait that could be combined with these intelligent systems to develop more effective healthcare solutions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID18437, biology computing, fuzzy logic, gait analysis, health care, learning (artificial intelligence)
Subjects: FOR Classification > 0903 Biomedical Engineering
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre for Ageing, Rehabilitation, Exercise & Sport Science (CARES)
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
SEO Classification > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 04 May 2012 00:23
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2015 05:14
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/4398
DOI: 10.1109/TITB.2009.2022913
ePrint Statistics: View download statistics for this item
Citations in Scopus: 30 - View on Scopus

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