Slow synaptic transmission in myenteric AH neurons from the inflamed guinea pig ileum

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Nurgali, Kulmira, Nguyen, Trung V, Thacker, Michelle, Pontell, Louise and Furness, John B (2009) Slow synaptic transmission in myenteric AH neurons from the inflamed guinea pig ileum. American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology , 297 (3). G582-G593. ISSN 0193-1857

Abstract

We investigated the effect of inflammation on slow synaptic transmission in myenteric neurons in the guinea pig ileum. Inflammation was induced by the intraluminal injection of trinitrobenzene sulfonate, and tissues were taken for in vitro investigation 6–7 days later. Brief tetanic stimulation of synaptic inputs (20 Hz, 1 s) induced slow excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) in 49% and maintained postsynaptic excitation that lasted from 27 min to 3 h in 13% of neurons from the inflamed ileum. These neurons were classified electrophysiologically as AH neurons; 10 were morphological type II neurons, and one was type I. Such long-term hyperexcitability after a brief stimulus is not encountered in enteric neurons of normal intestine. Electrophysiological properties of neurons with maintained postsynaptic excitation were similar to those of neurons with slow EPSPs. Another form of prolonged excitation, sustained slow postsynaptic excitation (SSPE), induced by 1-Hz, 4-min stimulation, in type II neurons from the inflamed ileum reached its peak earlier but had lower amplitude than that in control. Unlike slow EPSPs and similar to SSPEs, maintained excitation was not inhibited by neurokinin-1 or neurokinin-3 receptor antagonists. Maintained postsynaptic excitation was not influenced by PKC inhibitors, but the PKA inhibitor, H-89, caused further increase in neuronal excitability. In conclusion, maintained excitation, observed only in neurons from the inflamed ileum, may contribute to the dysmotility, pain, and discomfort associated with intestinal inflammation

Item type Article
URI http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/4499
Identification Number https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpgi.00026.2009
Official URL http://ajpgi.physiology.org/content/297/3/G582.ful...
Funders http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/400019, http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/400472
Subjects Current > FOR Classification > 1116 Medical Physiology
Keywords ResPubID18847, enteric nervous system, myenteric neurons
Citations in Scopus 15 - View on Scopus
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