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Generation and characterisation of stable ethanol-tolerant mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Stanley, Dragana and Fraser, Sarah and Chambers, Paul J and Rogers, Peter and Stanley, Grant A (2009) Generation and characterisation of stable ethanol-tolerant mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology, 37 (2). pp. 139-149.

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Abstract

Saccharomyces spp. are widely used for ethanologenic fermentations, however yeast metabolic rate and viability decrease as ethanol accumulates during fermentation, compromising ethanol yield. Improving ethanol tolerance in yeast should, therefore, reduce the impact of ethanol toxicity on fermentation performance. The purpose of the current work was to generate and characterise ethanol- tolerant yeast mutants by subjecting mutagenised and non-mutagenised populations of Saccharomyces cerevisiae W303-1A to adaptive evolution using ethanol stress as a selection pressure. Mutants CM1 (chemically mutagenised) and SM1 (spontaneous) had increased acclimation and growth rates when cultivated in sub-lethal ethanol concentrations, and their survivability in lethal ethanol concentrations was considerably improved compared with the parent strain. The mutants utilised glucose at a higher rate than the parent in the presence of ethanol and an initial glucose concentration of 20 g l¡1. At a glucose concentration of 100 g l¡1, SM1 had the highest glucose utilisation rate in the presence or absence of ethanol. The mutants produced substantially more glycerol than the parent and, although acetate was only detectable in ethanol-stressed cultures, both mutants produced more acetate than the parent. It is suggested that the increased ethanol tolerance of the mutants is due to their elevated glycerol production rates and the potential of this to increase the ratio of oxidised and reduced forms of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+/NADH) in an ethanol-compromised cell, stimulating glycolytic activity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID17631, saccharomyces, ethanol, stress, mutant, NADH
Subjects: Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Engineering and Science
FOR Classification > 1003 Industrial Biotechnology
SEO Classification > 8505 Renewable Energy
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2011 23:57
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2015 00:55
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/4608
DOI: 10.1007/s10295-009-0655-3
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Citations in Scopus: 18 - View on Scopus

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