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Self-Esteem: A Critical Examination of its Relationship to Narcissism, Anxiety, and Contingencies of Self-Worth

Gill, Peter and Kostanski, Marion (2004) Self-Esteem: A Critical Examination of its Relationship to Narcissism, Anxiety, and Contingencies of Self-Worth. In: Psychological science in action : proceedings of the 39th APS Annual Conference, 29 September - 3 October, Sydney NSW. Katsikitis, Mary, ed. Australian Psychological Society , Melbourne, Vic., pp. 118-122.

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Abstract

Despite the strong educational and lay belief in the valency of global self-esteem, evidence of the effectiveness of self-esteem enhancement programs remains limited. The current study is a critical and empirical exploration of self-esteem in relation to anxiety, narcissism, and contingencies of self-worth. Self-report surveys from 92 young adults (43 male, 49 female, aged 23-37) indicated that self-esteem was negatively correlated with trait anxiety (r = -0.64) as well as to external contingencies of self-worth (r = -0.37), and positively correlated with narcissism (r = 0.38). Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that these factors significantly predicted 47% of the variance in reported self-esteem. The outcomes of this study challenge the notion that high self-esteem scores are necessarily reflective of overall psychological health. It is proposed that the conceptual basis of self-esteem requires revision within the framework of current psychological understanding.

Item Type: Book Section
ISBN: 0909881251
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID7904, emotional instability, self-esteem enhancement, self-preoccupation, self-absorption, Narcissistic Personality Inventory, NPI, mood swings, self-regard, self-esteem measurement, external validation, well-being, behavioral outcomes, praise, encouragement, success, failure, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, RSE, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, STAI, construct
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1701 Psychology
FOR Classification > 2002 Cultural Studies
FOR Classification > 2299 Other Philosophy and Religious Studies
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Social Sciences and Psychology
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2013 04:12
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2013 04:12
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/6399
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