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Oxygen uptake and blood metabolic responses to a 400-m run

Hanon, C and Lepretre, P. M and Bishop, David and Thomas, C (2010) Oxygen uptake and blood metabolic responses to a 400-m run. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 109 (2). pp. 233-240. ISSN 1439-6319 (print) 1439-6327(online)

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the oxygen uptake and metabolic responses during a 400-m run reproducing the pacing strategy used in competition. A portable gas analyser was used to measure the oxygen uptake (V ˙ O 2 ) of ten specifically trained runners racing on an outdoor track. The tests included (1) an incremental test to determine maximal V ˙ O 2 (V ˙ O 2max ) and the velocity associated with V ˙ O 2max (v−V ˙ O 2max ), (2) a maximal 400-m (400T) and 3) a 300-m running test (300T) reproducing the exact pacing pattern of the 400T. Blood lactate, bicarbonate concentrations [HCO − 3 ], pH and arterial oxygen saturation were analysed at rest and 1, 4, 7, 10 min after the end of the 400 and 300T. The peak V ˙ O 2 recorded during the 400T corresponded to 93.9 ± 3.9% of V ˙ O 2max and was reached at 24.4 ± 3.2 s (192 ± 22 m). A significant decrease in V ˙ O 2 (P < 0.05) was observed in all subjects during the last 100 m, although the velocity did not decrease below v−V ˙ O 2max . The V ˙ O 2 in the last 5 s was correlated with the pH (r = 0.86, P < 0.0005) and [HCO − 3 ] (r = 0.70, P < 0.05) measured at the end of 300T. Additionally, the velocity decrease observed in the last 100 m was inversely correlated with [HCO − 3 ] and pH at 300T (r = −0.83, P < 0.001, r = −0.69, P < 0.05, respectively). These track running data demonstrate that acidosis at 300 m was related to both the V ˙ O 2 response and the velocity decrease during the final 100 m of a 400-m run.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID21155, long sprint running, buffer capacity, pH, bicarbonate
Subjects: Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
SEO Classification > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 22 May 2012 00:24
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2014 05:05
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/7053
DOI: 10.1007/s00421-009-1339-4
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Citations in Scopus: 8 - View on Scopus

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