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Performance and physiological responses to repeated-sprint exercise: a novel multiple-set approach

Serpiello, Fabio ORCID: 0000-0001-8919-3053, McKenna, Michael ORCID: 0000-0001-9998-0093, Stepto, Nigel ORCID: 0000-0002-0875-6836, Bishop, David ORCID: 0000-0002-6956-9188 and Aughey, Robert ORCID: 0000-0002-0285-8516 (2011) Performance and physiological responses to repeated-sprint exercise: a novel multiple-set approach. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 111 (4). pp. 669-678. ISSN 1439-6319 (print) 1439-6327 (online)

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Abstract

We investigated the acute and chronic responses to multiple sets of repeated-sprint exercise (RSE), focusing on changes in acceleration, intermittent running capacity and physiological responses. Ten healthy young adults (7 males, 3 females) performed an incremental test, a Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level1 (Yo-Yo IR1), and one session of RSE. RSE comprised three sets of 5 × 4-s maximal sprints on a non-motorised treadmill, with 20 s of passive recovery between repetitions and 4.5 min of passive recovery between sets. After ten repeated-sprint training sessions, participants repeated all tests. During RSE, performance was determined by measuring acceleration, mean and peak power/velocity. Recovery heart rate (HR), HR variability, and finger-tip capillary lactate concentration ([Lac−]) were measured. Performance progressively decreased across the three sets of RSE, with the indices of repeated-sprint ability being impaired to a different extent before and after training. Training induced a significant increase (p < 0.05) in all indices of performance, particularly acceleration (21.9, 14.7 and 15.2% during sets 1, 2 and 3, respectively). Training significantly increased Yo-Yo IR1 performance by 8% and decreased Δ[Lac−]/work ratio (−15.2, −15.5, −9.4% during sets 1, 2 and 3, respectively) and recovery HR during RSE. There were strong correlations between Yo-Yo IR1 performance and indices of RSE performance, especially acceleration post-training (r = 0.88, p = 0.004). Repeated-sprint training, comprising only 10 min of exercise overall, effectively improved performance during multiple-set RSE. This exercise model better reflects team-sport activities than single-set RSE. The rapid training-induced improvement in acceleration, quantified here for the first time, has wide applications for professional and recreational sport activities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID20040, ResPubID23910, ResPubID23444, ResPubID23492, repeated-sprint ability, acceleration, recovery heart rate, Yo-Yo, intermittent training
Subjects: Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
SEO Classification > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 25 May 2012 01:17
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2019 04:15
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/7498
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-010-1687-0
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Citations in Scopus: 45 - View on Scopus

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