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New clinically relevant, orthotopic mouse models of human chondrosarcoma with spontaneous metastasis

Clark, Jonathan C. M and Akiyama, Toru and Dass, Crispin R and Choong, Peter F. M (2010) New clinically relevant, orthotopic mouse models of human chondrosarcoma with spontaneous metastasis. Cancer Cell International, 10. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1475-2867

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Abstract

Chondrosarcoma responds poorly to adjuvant therapy and new, clinically relevant animal models are required to test targeted therapy. Two human chondrosarcoma cell lines, JJ012 and FS090, were evaluated for proliferation, colony formation, invasion, angiogenesis and osteoclastogenesis. Cell lines were also investigated for VEGF, MMP-2, MMP-9, and RECK expression. JJ012 and FS090 were injected separately into the mouse tibia intramedullary canal or tibial periosteum. Animal limbs were measured, and x-rayed for evidence of tumour take and progression. Tibias and lungs were harvested to determine the presence of tumour and lung metastases. JJ012 demonstrated significantly higher proliferative capacity, invasion, and colony formation in collagen I gel. JJ012 conditioned medium stimulated endothelial tube formation and osteoclastogenesis with a greater potency than FS090 conditioned medium, perhaps related to the effects of VEGF and MMP-9. In vivo, tumours formed in intratibial and periosteal groups injected with JJ012, however no mice injected with FS090 developed tumours. JJ012 periosteal tumours grew to 3 times the non-injected limb size by 7 weeks, whereas intratibial injected limbs required 10 weeks to achieve a similar tumour size. Sectioned tumour tissue demonstrated features of grade III chondrosarcoma. All JJ012 periosteal tumours (5/5) resulted in lung micro-metastases, while only 2/4 JJ012 intratibial tumours demonstrated metastases. The established JJ012 models replicate the site, morphology, and many behavioural characteristics of human chondrosarcoma. Local tumour invasion of bone and spontaneous lung metastasis offer valuable assessment tools to test the potential of novel agents for future chondrosarcoma therapy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

article 20, vol. 10 (June 2010)

Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID21859. chondrosarcoma, metastasis, tumours, cancer, orthotopic mouse models, mice, JJ012, FS090
Subjects: Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Biomedical and Health Sciences
FOR Classification > 1112 Oncology and Carcinogenesis
SEO Classification > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2011 03:37
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2015 02:42
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/7564
DOI: 10.1186/1475-2867-10-20
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Citations in Scopus: 5 - View on Scopus

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