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Ablation and regeneration of tolerance-inducing medullary thymic epithelial cells after cyclosporine, cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone treatment

Fletcher, Anne L, Lowen, Tamara E, Sakkal, Samy, Reiseger, Jessica J, Hammett, Maree V, Seach, Natalie, Scott, Hamish S, Boyd, Richard L and Chidgey, Ann P (2009) Ablation and regeneration of tolerance-inducing medullary thymic epithelial cells after cyclosporine, cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone treatment. Journal of Immunology, 183 (2). pp. 823-831. ISSN 0022-1767 (print) 1550-6606 (online)

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Abstract

Immunosuppressive drugs and cytotoxic chemotherapy agents are designed to kill or suppress autoreactive, alloaggressive, or hyperinflammatory T cells, or disseminated malignancies. However, they also cause severe immunological side effects ranging from interrupted thymopoiesis and general immunodeficiency to, paradoxically, autoimmunity. Consistent with the cross-talk between thymocytes and stromal cells, we now show that these common therapeutic agents have major effects on murine thymic epithelial cells (TEC), crucially required to rebuild immunity posttreatment. We show that the immunosuppressant cyclosporine A, which has been linked to a thymus-dependent autoimmune syndrome in some patients, causes extensive loss of autoimmune regulator (Aire+) tolerance-inducing MHC class IIhigh medullary TEC (mTEChigh). Post-cyclosporine A, Aire expression was restored within 7 days. Full recovery of the mTEChigh subset occurred within 10 days and was linked to a decrease in a relatively resistant MHC class IIlow mTEC subset (mTEClow), consistent with a previously described precursor-product relationship. Cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone caused more extensive ablation of thymocytes and stromal cells but again severely depleted tolerance-inducing mTEChigh. Together, these data show that Aire+ mTECs are highly sensitive to damage and that mTEC regeneration follows a conserved pattern regardless of the treatment regimen used.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID22582. CsA, mTEC, cytometry, immunosuppression, cytoablative chemotherapy, thymus, immunosuppresion, immune system, mice
Subjects: Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Biomedical and Health Sciences
FOR Classification > 1107 Immunology
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2012 02:59
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2012 02:59
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/7830
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4049/​jimmunol.0900225
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Citations in Scopus: 42 - View on Scopus

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