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Mental toughness in sport: Achievement level, gender, age, experience, and sport type differences

Nicholls, Adam R and Polman, Remco and Levy, Andrew R and Backhouse, Susan H (2009) Mental toughness in sport: Achievement level, gender, age, experience, and sport type differences. Personality and Individual Differences, 47 (1). pp. 73-75. ISSN 0191-8869

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Abstract

It was hypothesized that there would be significant differences in mental toughness among athletes of different: (a) achievement level, (b) gender, (c) age, (d) sporting experience, and (e) sport type (team vs. individual and contact vs. non-contact sports). Participants were 677 athletes and consisted of sports performers competing at international (n = 60), national (n = 99), county (n = 198), club/university (n = 289), and beginner (n = 31) levels. Results revealed a significant relationship between mental toughness and gender, age, and sporting experience. However, achievement level and the type of sport an athlete participated in was not significantly associated with mental toughness.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID21994, mental toughness, gender, achievement level, skill, chronological age
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
FOR Classification > 1701 Psychology
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2012 01:53
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2015 06:07
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/7960
DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2009.02.006
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Citations in Scopus: 22 - View on Scopus

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